- Brian SloanBrian SloanCollege Lecturer in Law, Robinson College, University of Cambridge
This chapter first considers the various types of gift to which beneficiaries under a will may be entitled. The basic classification of testamentary gifts is into legacies and devises. Legacies are gifts of personalty; devises comprise real estate. The second part of the chapter discusses the grounds on which there may be a failure of entitlement under the will. A gift may fail for various reasons, including divorce/dissolution or nullity, lapse, ademption, forfeiture, failure to satisfy a condition, or uncertainty.