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Company Law

Company Law (6th edn)

Brenda Hannigan
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date: 25 September 2022

p. 58423. Loan capital—secured creditors and company chargeslocked

p. 58423. Loan capital—secured creditors and company chargeslocked

  • Brenda HanniganBrenda HanniganProfessor of Corporate Law, Law School University of Southampton


The majority of companies rely on commercial borrowing—loan capital—from high street banks and financial institutions. The lender will need security to cover the amount lent. This chapter discusses: company charges, fixed and floating charges, the approach to categorisation, registration of charges, and enforcement of a floating charge. The key concern for the creditor is to obtain the maximum security while the company is concerned to have the maximum freedom to act. The distinction between fixed and floating charges is considered and the characteristics of a floating charge are discussed with particular regard to charges on book debts. The chapter also considers the registration requirements with the registrar of companies.

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