- James DevenneyJames DevenneyHead of School and Professor of Transnational Commercial Law, School of Law, University of Reading, UK and McCann FitzGerald Chair of International Law and Business, UCD Sutherland School of Law, University College Dublin, Ireland
The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offers the best preparation for tackling exam questions. Each book includes typical questions, answer plans and suggested answers, author commentary and other features. This chapter focuses on the doctrines of undue influence and duress. Between the parties to a con-tract there are broadly two ways that a contract can be avoided for undue influence: through affirmative proof of undue influence or through raising the presumption of undue influence which is not rebutted. As regards duress, there are two main forms: physical and economic. The more common type is economic duress, which focuses on the illegitimate pressure exerted by the dominant party.