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(p. 415) 14. Mortgages 

(p. 415) 14. Mortgages
(p. 415) 14. Mortgages

Sandra Clarke

and Sarah Greer

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date: 25 May 2020

This chapter discusses mortgages, specifically mortgage creation, legal mortgages, equitable mortgages, and priority of mortgages. A mortgage is a debt secured on land. A legal mortgage in registered land can now be created only by means of a legal charge under the Land Registration Act 2002, s. 23(1)(a). The mortgagor has a bundle of rights known as the ‘equity of redemption’. If the mortgagee attempts to gain any unconscionable advantage by means of the mortgage, the courts will strike it down. The mortgagee has five potential remedies to recover the debt: an action on the mortgagor’s personal covenant; repossession; sale; appointment of a receiver; and foreclosure. The doctrine of undue influence is important in the law of mortgages. Provided the mortgagee bank follows the steps outlined by the House of Lords in Royal Bank of Scotland v. Etridge(No. 2), it will be protected against a claim for undue influence.

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