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English Legal System

English Legal System (3rd edn)

Steve Wilson, Helen Rutherford, Tony Storey, and Natalie Wortley
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date: 04 August 2021

p. 41812. The criminal process: the suspect and the policelocked

p. 41812. The criminal process: the suspect and the policelocked

  • Steve Wilson, Steve Wilsonformer Principal Lecturer, Northumbria University, Newcastle
  • Helen Rutherford, Helen RutherfordSenior Lecturer and Solicitor, Northumbria University, Newcastle
  • Tony StoreyTony StoreySenior Lecturer, Northumbria University, Newcastle
  •  and Natalie WortleyNatalie WortleyAssociate Professor of Law, Northumbria University, Newcastle


In order to investigate a criminal offence, the police may need to stop and search, arrest, detain, and/or question a suspect. This chapter explains the key rules that govern the exercise of police powers. The use of stop and search powers, in particular, has long been controversial as there is evidence that black and Asian people are more likely to be stopped than white people. The chapter also considers powers of arrest and the way in which arrests should be carried out, as well as minimum rights and standards for the detention and questioning of suspects.

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