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(p. 187) 5. Secondary participation: parties to a crime 

(p. 187) 5. Secondary participation: parties to a crime
(p. 187) 5. Secondary participation: parties to a crime

Janet Loveless

, Mischa Allen

, and Caroline Derry

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date: 20 June 2021

This chapter focuses on accessories to a crime or those who assist or encourage another to commit a crime. It discusses the conditions for liability under actus reus and mens rea, and explains that an accessory can be held liable for a crime and given the same punishment. The chapter explains accessorial liability for offences which go beyond the joint venture, and defences to secondary participation, evaluating whether victims can also be considered as accessories. The chapter provides examples of relevant cases including the case of Jogee, which, following recommendations of reform from the Law Commission and others, made significant changes to accessorial liability in joint ventures.

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