- Abbe Brown, Abbe BrownProfessor in Intellectual Property, University of Aberdeen
- Smita Kheria, Smita KheriaSenior Lecturer in Intellectual Property Law, University of Edinburgh
- Jane CornwellJane CornwellLecturer in Intellectual Property Law, University of Edinburgh
- and Marta IljadicaMarta IljadicaLecturer in Intellectual Property, University of Glasgow
This chapter assesses the rationales and justifications commonly seen for and against patents, which inform all aspects of patent law. Against this backdrop, the chapter explains the architecture and procedures of contemporary patent systems as they operate in the UK, within the European patent system, and through international agreements, instruments, and procedures. The chapter considers the patent registration process in the UK. Unlike copyright—and like registered trade marks and registered designs—patent protection is a registered right, granted by an intellectual property office following an application and examination process. The chapter also reviews changes over time and areas of particular debate and possible future evolution.