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(p. 281) 7. Article 4: Freedom from slavery, servitude, or forced or compulsory labour 

(p. 281) 7. Article 4: Freedom from slavery, servitude, or forced or compulsory labour
Chapter:
(p. 281) 7. Article 4: Freedom from slavery, servitude, or forced or compulsory labour
Author(s):

David Harris

, Michael O’Boyle

, Ed Bates

, and Carla Buckley

DOI:
10.1093/he/9780198785163.003.0007
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date: 25 August 2019

This chapter discusses Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 4 prohibits slavery, servitude, and forced or compulsory labour. The Court has extended the scope of Article 4 to cover ‘domestic slavery’ and human trafficking. In particular, states have positive obligations to act against conduct by private employers or persons involved in trafficking. Whereas the prohibitions of slavery and servitude are absolute, certain forms of forced or compulsory labour are permitted, for example in fulfilment of a civic duty and work by a convicted prisoner.

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