- Stephen JonesStephen JonesHonorary Senior Lecturer, School of Law, University of Bristol
This chapter presents the concept of mental disorder in contrast with the possible physiological influences in criminal behaviour. The idea behind the concept is that the underlying causes are not physical in nature, but are due to the workings of the ‘mind’. The chapter begins with a consideration of whether differences in individuals’ cognitive capacity-or, as it is usually called, intelligence-can have any bearing on the likelihood of their acting in an antisocial manner. It also discusses the definition of ‘learning disability’, a legal classification defined as a state of arrested or incomplete development of the mind, which includes significant impairment of intelligence and social functioning.