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Sentencing and PunishmentThe Quest for Justice

Sentencing and Punishment: The Quest for Justice (4th edn)

Susan Easton and Christine Piper
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date: 20 August 2022

p. 33010. Punishment and rehabilitation in the communitylocked

p. 33010. Punishment and rehabilitation in the communitylocked

  • Susan EastonSusan EastonProfessor of Law, Brunel University
  •  and Christine PiperChristine PiperEmeritus Professor of Law, Brunel University


This chapter reviews the main options available to the sentencing court which do not entail immediate custody. It therefore deals with fines, reviewing the difficulties posed by differential ability to pay, and community orders as well as suspended prison sentences. It discusses the tensions between imposing proportionate punishment—a retributivist aim—and delivering rehabilitation programmes—a utilitarian approach. It therefore discusses the theory and practice of rehabilitation that underpins these initiatives. However, because punishment and rehabilitation also take place in the community for those released from prison, this chapter examines supervision and the new ‘beyond the gate’ programmes for prisoners released on licence. The chapter therefore, covers the policy trends in relation to fines, the ‘rehabilitation revolution’, the privatisation of the delivery of community penalties, and the new and old utilitarian theories relating to rehabilitation.

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