- Editorial Advisory Panel
- Message to Students
- Meet the Authors
- Guide to the Online Resources
- Part 1 Journeying into Criminology
- 1. Becoming a student
- 2. What is the study of criminology?
- Part 2 Exploring Crime
- 3. What is crime?
- 4. What is justice?
- 5. Crime statistics
- 6. How does criminology ‘know’ about crime?
- 7. Crime and the media
- 8. Victimology and hate crime
- 9. Explaining youth crime and youth justice
- 10. Race, ethnicities, and the criminal justice system
- 11. Gender and feminist criminology
- Part 3 Explaining Crime
- 12. Free will, classicism, and rational choice
- 13. Biological and psychological positivism
- 14. Sociological positivism
- 15. Critical criminology—part 1
- 16. Critical criminology—part 2
- 17. Right and left realism
- 18. Integrated theories of crime
- 19. Searching for the causes of crime
- Part 4 Responding to Crime
- 20. Criminal justice principles
- 21. Criminal justice—policy, practice, and people
- 22. Crime prevention
- 23. Crime control, policing, and community safety
- 24. Punishment and the idea of ‘just deserts’
- 25. Rehabilitation of offenders
- 26. Alternatives to punishment
- 27. Critical perspectives on crime and punishment
- Part 5 Becoming a Researcher of Criminology
- 28. Becoming a researcher and knowledge producer
- 29. Applying your skills to employability or future study
- 30. Journeying into employability and careers
(p. 198) 8. Victimology and hate crime: Evidence and campaigning for change
- (p. 198) 8. Victimology and hate crime: Evidence and campaigning for change
, Phil Johnson
, David Manlow
, Roger Smith
, and Kate Williams
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