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Criminology (1st edn)

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams
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date: 30 June 2022

p. 1988. Victimology and hate crime

Evidence and campaigning for changelocked

p. 1988. Victimology and hate crime

Evidence and campaigning for changelocked

  • Steve Case, Steve CaseProfessor of Criminology, University of Loughborough
  • Phil Johnson, Phil JohnsonCriminology Lecturer and Academic Subject Leader, University Centre at Blackburn College
  • David Manlow, David ManlowPrincipal Lecturer in Criminology
  • Roger SmithRoger SmithProfessor of Social Work, Durham University
  •  and Kate WilliamsKate WilliamsSenior Lecturer in Criminology, Aberystwyth University


This chapter examines how different types of criminological evidence related to victimology and hate crime can influence policy-making processes. It first considers how non-governmental organisations and pressure groups collate and analyse data on crime-related issues before discussing the changing role of the victim in criminal justice processes. It then explains why some victims of crime are regarded as being more ‘deserving’ than others and how this relates to broader issues of power; distinguishes between positivist and radical/critical approaches to victimology; and assesses the main features of hate crime, with emphasis on the need for hate crime legislation. It also describes forms of hate crime as well as the social and political issues underlying both public and policy responses to the affected groups. Finally, it analyses the broader notions of structural inequalities which are at the heart of a critical victimology in relationship to the concept of hate crime.

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