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Criminology

Criminology (1st edn)

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams
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date: 18 May 2022

p. 63023. Crime control, policing, and community safetylocked

p. 63023. Crime control, policing, and community safetylocked

  • Steve Case, Steve CaseProfessor of Criminology, University of Loughborough
  • Phil Johnson, Phil JohnsonCriminology Lecturer and Academic Subject Leader, University Centre at Blackburn College
  • David Manlow, David ManlowPrincipal Lecturer in Criminology
  • Roger SmithRoger SmithProfessor of Social Work, Durham University
  •  and Kate WilliamsKate WilliamsSenior Lecturer in Criminology, Aberystwyth University

Abstract

This chapter examines crime control strategies, policing, and community safety. It first explains what constitutes ‘crime control’ before discussing the distinction between crime control and due process models. It then considers the different methods of delivering ‘crime control’, including deterrence, target hardening, offender surveillance, and incapacitation and associated intervention programmes. It also analyses the role played by the police in crime control; the effectiveness of different crime control methods, such as situational crime prevention and zero tolerance initiatives; and issues surrounding the use of technology in crime control. Finally, it evaluates the consequences of crime control as well as the practical limitations and moral challenges of crime control.

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