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Criminology

Criminology (1st edn)

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams
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date: 28 January 2022

p. 59822. Crime prevention

Ideas and practiceslocked

p. 59822. Crime prevention

Ideas and practiceslocked

  • Steve Case, Steve CaseProfessor of Criminology, University of Loughborough
  • Phil Johnson, Phil JohnsonCriminology Lecturer and Academic Subject Leader, University Centre at Blackburn College
  • David Manlow, David ManlowPrincipal Lecturer in Criminology
  • Roger SmithRoger SmithProfessor of Social Work, Durham University
  •  and Kate WilliamsKate WilliamsSenior Lecturer in Criminology, Aberystwyth University

Abstract

This chapter examines crime prevention ideas and practices. It first explains what crime prevention is before discussing crime prevention strategies, the objectives of crime prevention, and the emergence and development of crime prevention. It then describes a framework for policy and practice based on ideas of ‘primary’, ‘secondary’, and ‘tertiary’ prevention. It also considers alternative perspectives on crime prevention; the arguments in favour of taking a preventive approach to criminal justice; the implications of crime prevention for different stakeholders, including potential victims, potential offenders, communities, politicians, and interest groups; the evidence base in support of preventive measures; models of practice in crime prevention; what prevention achieves; and the consequences of crime prevention, namely, crime escalation, adaptation, and displacement. The chapter concludes by highlighting the limitations of crime prevention.

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