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Criminology (1st edn)

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams
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date: 02 July 2022

p. 50218. Integrated theories of crimelocked

p. 50218. Integrated theories of crimelocked

  • Steve Case, Steve CaseProfessor of Criminology, University of Loughborough
  • Phil Johnson, Phil JohnsonCriminology Lecturer and Academic Subject Leader, University Centre at Blackburn College
  • David Manlow, David ManlowPrincipal Lecturer in Criminology
  • Roger SmithRoger SmithProfessor of Social Work, Durham University
  •  and Kate WilliamsKate WilliamsSenior Lecturer in Criminology, Aberystwyth University


This chapter examines theories that integrate the main concepts and arguments from existing theories and challenge their position as the hegemonic theoretical explanations of crime. It begins by placing integrated theories of crime in the context of the historical development of criminological theories. It then considers integrated positivist theories of crime in explanatory and practical terms, focusing on socio-biological theories and social control theories. It also discusses evolving integrated explanations of crime as well as integrated risk factor theories, including artefactual risk factor theories. Finally, it looks at the Edinburgh integrated pathways theory, which provides an holistic explanation of youth crime, along with constructivist pathways risk factor theories and enhanced pathways risk factor theories as explanations of crime.

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