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The Substantive Law of the EUThe Four Freedoms

The Substantive Law of the EU: The Four Freedoms (7th edn)

Catherine Barnard
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date: 04 October 2022

p. 3199. Union Citizenshiplocked

p. 3199. Union Citizenshiplocked

  • Catherine BarnardCatherine BarnardProfessor of European Union Law and Labour Law and Senior Tutor, Trinity College, University of Cambridge


This chapter examines the concept of Union citizenship and the rights EU citizens enjoy. European citizenship allows individuals a variety of associative relations based on economic, social, cultural, scholarly, and even political activities, irrespective of the traditional territorial boundaries of the European nation states. In particular, this chapter examines the rights enjoyed by citizens under the Citizens’ Rights Directive 2004/38, including family rights and the rights citizens enjoy irrespective of whether they are economically active.

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