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Criminal Litigation

Criminal Litigation (17th edn)

Lisa Mountford and Martin Hannibal
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date: 04 October 2022

p. 1167. Obtaining Identification Evidencelocked

p. 1167. Obtaining Identification Evidencelocked

  • Martin Hannibal
  •  and Lisa Mountford


This chapter considers the following: the dangers of eye-witness identification; how identification evidence is obtained by the police during the police investigation; the pre-trial safeguards contained in the identification procedures under Code D of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE); the admissibility of eye-witness evidence obtained in breach of Code D; obtaining fingerprints, intimate and non-intimate samples at the police station; DNA evidence and identification evidence given by expert witnesses.

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