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Criminal Litigation

Criminal Litigation (17th edn)

Lisa Mountford and Martin Hannibal
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date: 03 October 2022

p. 30616. Witness Evidencelocked

p. 30616. Witness Evidencelocked

  • Martin Hannibal
  •  and Lisa Mountford


This chapter explains the law, procedure, and the practical issues associated with witness evidence. It considers the circumstances in which a witness can refresh his memory from an earlier written statement; the test to decide a witness’ competence to give evidence; the compellability of a witness; the assistance available to ‘vulnerable’ or ‘intimidated’ witnesses to give evidence under a special measures direction; a witness taking the oath or affirming; the rules associated with examination-in-chief; and the rules associated with cross-examination including admission of non-defendant bad character and re-examination.

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