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Chapter

Cover Brownlie's Principles of Public International Law

4. Subjects of international law  

acts of its subdivisions. 13 (B) Entities legally proximate to states Political settlements have from time to time produced entities, such as the former Free City of Danzig

Chapter

Cover International Law Concentrate

5. Personality, statehood, and recognition  

obligations in favour or against the person or entity. Therefore, where a treaty or custom confers enforceable rights and duties upon any entity, the latter possesses international legal

Chapter

Cover Cassese's International Law

4. States as the Primary Subjects of International Law  

Paola Gaeta, Jorge E. Viñuales, and Salvatore Zappalà

l circumstances does it allow governmental entities that have lost effective control over territory to survive as international entities for some time. Such was the case of the so-called

Chapter

Cover Cases & Materials on International Law

5. Personality and Recognition  

State. Thus ‘recognition’ of the statehood of an entity by a State may be critical in determining the rights and duties of that entity in national law of that State. Section 1:

Chapter

Cover Employment Law Concentrate

11. Continuity of employment and TUPE  

economic entity that retains its identity, and, secondly, to a service provision change. The latter is a UK concept, one not derived from European Union law. An economic entity is defined

Chapter

Cover International Law

5. States as subjects of international law  

not—an entity aspiring to statehood. 5.3.1.3 A duty of collective non-recognition? In addition, there is also a claimed duty not to recognize a particular entity when there

Chapter

Cover International Law

4. The actors in the international legal system  

criteria. Thus, when an entity satisfies certain predetermined requirements it is a state in international law. Here, the important criterion is essentially the entity’s effectiveness. In

Chapter

Cover International Law

4. The actors in the international legal system  

criteria. Thus, when an entity satisfies certain predetermined requirements it is a state in international law. Here, the important criterion is essentially the entity’s effectiveness. In

Chapter

Cover Cassese's International Law

8. Individuals and Other Legal Subjects  

Paola Gaeta, Jorge E. Viñuales, and Salvatore Zappalà

s, and individuals, as well as a few sui generis entities. While insurgents, like States and some of the sui generis entities, constitute traditional subjects of international law

Chapter

Cover Banking Law and Regulation

10. Structural regulation  

Iris Chiu and Joanna Wilson

of ownership , the ring-fenced bank can be owned by a parent entity that carries out excluded activities or owns entities that do so. In a wider banking group, the ring-fenced bank must

Chapter

Cover Company Law

3. Corporate personality  

Corporate personality A A separate legal entity The Salomon principle 3-1 On incorporation, a company becomes a legal entity separate and distinct from its shareholders

Chapter

Cover Brownlie's Principles of Public International Law

6. Recognition of states and governments  

categories of state acts: first, the recognition of another entity as a state; and, secondly, the recognition of that entity’s government as established, lawful, or ‘legitimate’, that

Chapter

Cover International Human Rights Law

24. Current issues: non-State actors  

risks. Other entities based, or operating, in Australia may report voluntarily. The Commonwealth is required to report on behalf of non‑corporate Commonwealth entities, and the reporting

Chapter

Cover Jones & Sufrin's EU Competition Law

4. Article 101 TFEU: The Elements  

Alison Jones, Brenda Sufrin, and Niamh Dunne

where two entities constitute one economic entity, the fact that the entity that committed the infringement still exists does not as such preclude imposing a penalty on the entity to which

Chapter

Cover Cases & Materials on International Law

9. Immunities from National Jurisdiction  

seems probable that the expressions ‘any entity’ and ‘separate entity’ in section 14 of the Act are intended to refer to an entity or separate entity of a state, a construction which is

Chapter

Cover Principles of Banking Law

3. Prudential Regulation II: Structural Reform, Deposit Insurance, Corporate Governance  

Ross Cranston, Emilios Avgouleas, Kristin van Zweiten, Theodor van Sante, and Christoper Hare

deposit-taking entity (the ‘core credit institution’) 47 and other entities be fully distinct in legal, economic, governance, and operational terms. 48 Trading entities would be prohibited

Chapter

Cover Mayson, French, and Ryan on Company Law

5. Corporate personality  

t argument The natural-entity (realist) and artificial-entity (fiction) theories produce two different policies. In a realist legal system, all entities with ‘real personality’ would

Chapter

Cover Principles of Banking Law

11. Cross-Border Banking  

Ross Cranston, Emilios Avgouleas, Kristin van Zweiten, Theodor van Sante, and Christoper Hare

a loan agreement with an entity, K, based in jurisdiction Y. The government of jurisdiction Y declares a moratorium on its debts and those owed by entities and persons within its borders

Chapter

Cover Principles of Banking Law

6. Bank Insolvency and Resolution  

Ross Cranston, Emilios Avgouleas, Kristin van Zweiten, Theodor van Sante, and Christoper Hare

n do not recover less in the subsequent liquidation of the residual entity than they would have had that entity been immediately wound-up. 86 In the exercise of a ‘bail-in’ tool, the

Chapter

Cover Mayson, French & Ryan on Company Law

5. Corporate personality  

t argument The natural-entity (realist) and artificial-entity (fiction) theories produce two different policies. In a realist legal system, all entities with ‘real personality’ would