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1. Exam Skills for Success in EU Law  

individual case. For the most part I have sought to use as example cases the leading and more popular cases in EU law. Don’t worry, however, if these do not coincide with the cases you have

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5. Free movement of goods  

Matthew J. Homewood and Clare Smith

of the environment, as ‘one of the [EU’s] essential objectives’, may justify restrictions on the free movement of goods. Oebel (Case 155/80) [1981] ECR 1993 Facts: German

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4. Direct actions in the Court of Justice of the European Union  

Articles 258–260, 263, 265, 277, and 340 TFEU

Matthew J. Homewood and Clare Smith

vires in English law. Infringement of an essential procedural requirement This arose, for instance, in Roquette Frères v Council (Case 138/79) , concerning a failure to consult

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7. Freedom of establishment and freedom to provide and receive services  

Matthew J. Homewood and Clare Smith

they are normally provided for remuneration’. According to Belgium v Humbel (Case 263/86) , ‘the essential characteristic of remuneration … lies in the fact that it constitutes consideration

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6. Free movement of persons  

Matthew J. Homewood and Clare Smith

v Staatssecretaris van Justitie (Case 53/81). Clarification was provided in Lawrie-Blum v Land Baden-Württemberg (Case 66/85) : ‘[the] essential feature of an employment relationship

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5. The Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice  

widely 9 listed in Art 263 TFEU. Two which appear applicable in this case are an infringement of an essential procedural requirement, or an infringement of the Treaty or of any rule

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8. EU competition law  

Articles 101 and 102 TFEU

Matthew J. Homewood and Clare Smith

assessed under what is known as the ‘essential facilities’ doctrine. A dominant undertaking which owns or controls a facility that is essential to conducting a business abuses its position

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4. The Supremacy of EU Law and its Reception in the Member States  

3(1) and (2) achieves the essential requirements of the recognition of direct effects and the supremacy of EU law for past and future UK legislation. Case law on the ECA 1972 4