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25. Prisons

25. Prisons  

Roger Matthews

in Criminology (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783937
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199691296.003.0025
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691296
Imprisonment has been the main form of punishment in western societies for the last 200 years. In that period, however, its role, scale, and functions have changed considerably. This ... More
6. Justifications of punishment and questions of penal legitimacy

6. Justifications of punishment and questions of penal legitimacy  

David Scott

in Criminal Justice (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783951
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199694969.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199694969
This chapter examines the three main ways to approach the justifications of punishment. These are consequentialist philosophies that look to justify punishment in terms of preventing future ... More
17. Punishments through the Ages

17. Punishments through the Ages  

Geoffrey Rivlin

in First Steps in the Law (7th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191800337
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198735892.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198735892
This chapter discusses the history of punishments in the UK. There are three main types of punishment: capital punishment (the death penalty), loss of liberty (imprisonment and ... More
17. Criminology and transitional justice

17. Criminology and transitional justice  

Kieran McEvoy, Ron Dudai, and Cheryl Lawther

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (6th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191793509
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198719441.003.0018
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719441
This chapter explores the intersection between criminology and transitional justice. The chapter begins with a critical discussion on the utility of criminological scholarship from settled ... More
2. History of crime and punishment

2. History of crime and punishment  

Anne Logan

in Criminology (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783937
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199691296.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691296
This chapter provides an overview of the major themes in the history of crime and punishment in England and Wales over the last 250 years. It discusses the usefulness of historical research ... More
26. Alternatives to punishmentDiversion and restorative justice

26. Alternatives to punishment: Diversion and restorative justice  

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams

in Criminology

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191841361
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198736752.003.0026
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198736752
This chapter considers two alternatives to punishment: diversion and restorative justice. It begins by looking at approaches to the delivery of criminal justice which challenge conventional ... More
27. Critical perspectives on crime and punishment

27. Critical perspectives on crime and punishment  

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams

in Criminology

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191841361
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198736752.003.0027
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198736752
This chapter examines a range of perspectives which question the assumptions underlying the concept of ‘punishment’. It first explains what is meant by the idea of critical perspectives on ... More
4. Utility and deterrence

4. Utility and deterrence  

Susan Easton and Christine Piper

in Sentencing and Punishment: The Quest for Justice (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191805981
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198744825.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198744825
This chapter examines the utilitarian justification for punishment: an approach that focuses on the consequences or outcomes of sentencing and punishment. It discusses the origins of this ... More
12. Why punish?

12. Why punish?  

Raymond Wacks

in Understanding Jurisprudence (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191797828
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198723868.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723868
This chapter examines how the exercise of punishment—in pursuit of the enforcement of the criminal law—might be validated and discusses the concepts of retributivism, consequentialism, ... More
Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice (2nd edn)  

Anthea Hucklesby and Azrini Wahidin (eds)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783951
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199694969.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199694969
Criminal Justice provides a thought-provoking and critical introduction to the challenges faced by the UK's criminal justice system, including policing, sentencing, and ... More
24. Community sentences and offender management for adults

24. Community sentences and offender management for adults  

Anne Worrall and Rob Canton

in Criminology (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783937
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199691296.003.0024
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691296
This chapter explains the history, philosophies, current practices, and policy debates surrounding those sanctions that are often referred to as ‘alternatives to prison’. The discussions ... More
12. Why punish?

12. Why punish?  

Raymond Wacks

in Understanding Jurisprudence: An Introduction to Legal Theory (5th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191844003
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198806011.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806011
The subject of the punishment of offenders always excites controversy. Some will argue that the law is too soft. Others believe that it is excessively harsh. This chapter examines how the ... More
13. Article 7: no punishment without law

13. Article 7: no punishment without law  

Howard Davis

in Human Rights Law Directions (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191820526
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198765882.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198765882
Without assuming prior legal knowledge, books in the Directions series introduce and guide readers through key points of law and legal debate. It discusses European Convention law and ... More
6. Article 3: Freedom from torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

6. Article 3: Freedom from torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment  

David Harris, Michael O’Boyle, Ed Bates, and Carla Buckley

in Harris, O'Boyle, and Warbrick: Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191827242
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198785163.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198785163
This chapter discusses Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 3 prohibits torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. It imposes a negative obligation ... More
9. Integrity of the Person

9. Integrity of the Person  

Nigel S Rodley

in International Human Rights Law (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191784057
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199654574.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199654574
This chapter examines rights at the core of the concept of integrity of the person. Specifically, it considers the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment ... More
2. Definitions, terminology and the criminal process

2. Definitions, terminology and the criminal process  

Katherine S. Williams

in Textbook on Criminology (7th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783753
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199592708.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199592708
Course-focused and comprehensive, the Textbook on series provides an accessible overview of the key areas on the law curriculum. This chapter explains the definition of crime and how it is ... More
26. Sentencing Young Offenders

26. Sentencing Young Offenders  

Martin Hannibal and Lisa Mountford

in Criminal Litigation 2017-2018 (13th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829796
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198787679.003.0026
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787679
This chapter considers the range of disposals available where a young offender admits the offence(s) or a finding of guilt is recorded against him. It discusses the principles which guide ... More
9. Article 3: prohibition of torture

9. Article 3: prohibition of torture  

Howard Davis

in Human Rights Law Directions (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191820526
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198765882.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198765882
Without assuming prior legal knowledge, books in the Directions series introduce and guide readers through key points of law and legal debate. It discusses European Convention law and ... More
13. Biological and psychological positivismDetermined to predetermine

13. Biological and psychological positivism: Determined to predetermine  

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams

in Criminology

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191841361
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198736752.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198736752
This chapter examines the contribution of biology and psychology to our understanding of crime and its causes from the perspective of individual positivism — those aspects of positivist ... More
24. Punishment and the idea of ‘just deserts’

24. Punishment and the idea of ‘just deserts’  

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams

in Criminology

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191841361
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198736752.003.0024
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198736752
This chapter examines punishment as a means of dealing with crime and its implications for justice. It first introduces the key arguments advanced in support of the idea of punishment in ... More

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