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25. Prisons

25. Prisons  

Roger Matthews

in Criminology (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783937
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199691296.003.0025
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691296
Imprisonment has been the main form of punishment in western societies for the last 200 years. In that period, however, its role, scale, and functions have changed considerably. This ... More
6. Justifications of punishment and questions of penal legitimacy

6. Justifications of punishment and questions of penal legitimacy  

David Scott

in Criminal Justice (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783951
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199694969.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199694969
This chapter examines the three main ways to approach the justifications of punishment. These are consequentialist philosophies that look to justify punishment in terms of preventing future ... More
17. Punishments through the Ages

17. Punishments through the Ages  

Geoffrey Rivlin

in First Steps in the Law (7th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191800337
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198735892.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198735892
This chapter discusses the history of punishments in the UK. There are three main types of punishment: capital punishment (the death penalty), loss of liberty (imprisonment and ... More
2. History of crime and punishment

2. History of crime and punishment  

Anne Logan

in Criminology (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783937
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199691296.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691296
This chapter provides an overview of the major themes in the history of crime and punishment in England and Wales over the last 250 years. It discusses the usefulness of historical research ... More
17. Criminology and transitional justice

17. Criminology and transitional justice  

Kieran McEvoy, Ron Dudai, and Cheryl Lawther

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (6th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191793509
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198719441.003.0018
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719441
This chapter explores the intersection between criminology and transitional justice. The chapter begins with a critical discussion on the utility of criminological scholarship from settled ... More
27. Critical perspectives on crime and punishment

27. Critical perspectives on crime and punishment  

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams

in Criminology

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191841361
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198736752.003.0027
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198736752
This chapter examines a range of perspectives which question the assumptions underlying the concept of ‘punishment’. It first explains what is meant by the idea of critical perspectives on ... More
26. Alternatives to punishmentDiversion and restorative justice

26. Alternatives to punishment: Diversion and restorative justice  

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith, and Kate Williams

in Criminology

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191841361
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198736752.003.0026
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198736752
This chapter considers two alternatives to punishment: diversion and restorative justice. It begins by looking at approaches to the delivery of criminal justice which challenge conventional ... More
12. Why punish?

12. Why punish?  

Raymond Wacks

in Understanding Jurisprudence: An Introduction to Legal Theory (5th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191844003
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198806011.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806011
The subject of the punishment of offenders always excites controversy. Some will argue that the law is too soft. Others believe that it is excessively harsh. This chapter examines how the ... More
Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice (2nd edn)  

Anthea Hucklesby and Azrini Wahidin (eds)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783951
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199694969.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199694969
Criminal Justice provides a thought-provoking and critical introduction to the challenges faced by the UK's criminal justice system, including policing, sentencing, and ... More
24. Community sentences and offender management for adults

24. Community sentences and offender management for adults  

Anne Worrall and Rob Canton

in Criminology (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783937
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199691296.003.0024
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691296
This chapter explains the history, philosophies, current practices, and policy debates surrounding those sanctions that are often referred to as ‘alternatives to prison’. The discussions ... More
4. Utility and deterrence

4. Utility and deterrence  

Susan Easton and Christine Piper

in Sentencing and Punishment: The Quest for Justice (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191805981
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198744825.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198744825
This chapter examines the utilitarian justification for punishment: an approach that focuses on the consequences or outcomes of sentencing and punishment. It discusses the origins of this ... More
6. Article 3: Freedom from torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

6. Article 3: Freedom from torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment  

David Harris, Michael O’Boyle, Ed Bates, and Carla Buckley

in Harris, O'Boyle, and Warbrick: Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191827242
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198785163.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198785163
This chapter discusses Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 3 prohibits torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. It imposes a negative obligation ... More
13. Article 7: no punishment without law

13. Article 7: no punishment without law  

Howard Davis

in Human Rights Law Directions (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191820526
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198765882.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198765882
Without assuming prior legal knowledge, books in the Directions series introduce and guide readers through key points of law and legal debate. It discusses European Convention law and ... More
26. Sentencing Young Offenders

26. Sentencing Young Offenders  

Martin Hannibal and Lisa Mountford

in Criminal Litigation 2018-2019 (14th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191861949
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198823216.003.0026
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198823216
This chapter considers the range of disposals available where a young offender admits the offence(s) or a finding of guilt is recorded against him. It discusses the principles which guide ... More
26. Sentencing Young Offenders

26. Sentencing Young Offenders  

Martin Hannibal and Lisa Mountford

in Criminal Litigation 2019-2020 (15th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191879661
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198838548.003.0026
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198838548
This chapter considers the range of disposals available where a young offender admits the offence(s) or a finding of guilt is recorded against him. It discusses the principles which guide ... More
21. The Repression of International Crimes

21. The Repression of International Crimes  

Antonio Cassese

in International Law (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2004
Published Online: 
Jun 2013
eISBN: 
9780191763588
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199259397.003.0021
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199259397
This chapter begins with an overview of international crimes. New classes of acts have emerged that are considered in the international community punishable as crimes, namely, offences ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

John Child and David Ormerod

in Smith, Hogan, & Ormerod's Essentials of Criminal Law (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191830761
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198788683.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198788683
This book focuses on substantive criminal law, that is, how offences such as theft and murder are defined. This introductory chapter sets in context criminal offences and defences, first by ... More
14. Freedom from torture; cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment or punishment

14. Freedom from torture; cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment or punishment  

Rhona K. M. Smith

in International Human Rights Law (8th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191843389
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198805212.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198805212
This chapter examines the prohibition of torture and similar forms of punishment by international human rights law. Regional and international human rights bodies have developed specific ... More
2. Definitions, terminology and the criminal process

2. Definitions, terminology and the criminal process  

Katherine S. Williams

in Textbook on Criminology (7th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191783753
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780199592708.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199592708
Course-focused and comprehensive, the Textbook on series provides an accessible overview of the key areas on the law curriculum. This chapter explains the definition of crime and how it is ... More
1. An Introduction to Criminal Law

1. An Introduction to Criminal Law  

Jonathan Herring

in Criminal Law: Text, Cases, and Materials (8th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191862847
DOI: 
10.1093/he/9780198811817.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811817
This chapter begins by addressing the question: what is a crime? It then discusses the role of criminal law; the statistics of criminal behaviour; the ‘principles’ of criminal law; ... More

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