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Chapter

Cover Family Law

3. Ending a Marriage or Civil Partnership  

This chapter starts with a brief history of divorce. The chapter then considers the current law on divorce, its historical origins and strengths, and its weaknesses. It then turns to the new law on divorce which is due to come into effect in the autumn of 2021. The chapter asks: Why was reform needed? What role does divorce play in our society? What does divorce say about marriage as an institution? The chapter uses a real-life scenario to answer these questions.

Chapter

Cover Family Law

3. Seeking a Divorce  

Edwina Higgins and Kathryn Newton

This chapter considers the law and process for seeking a divorce in England and Wales, which is due to change radically in April 2022. It examines the current legal framework (as of September 2021) and the gap between the ‘law in books’ and the practical reality, highlighted in the key Supreme Court case Owens v Owens [2018] UKSC 41. It contrasts the conduct-based provisions of the current law with the ‘no fault’ provisions due to be introduced in 2022. It discusses the criticisms that have been made of the conduct-based law, and why there was pressure for reform. The discussion is placed in the context of divorce statistics in order to determine the link between the divorce law and the divorce rate, and whether this matters. In so doing, the chapter considers how much of a role the state should play in regulating divorce and the place of ‘fault’ in a modern divorce law. It also considers matters of process and procedure.

Chapter

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Family Law

4. Divorce, Dissolution, and (Judicial) Separation  

The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offers the best preparation for tackling exam and assignment questions. Each book includes key debates, typical questions, diagram answer plans, suggested answers, author commentary, and tips to gain extra marks. This chapter deals with divorce, dissolution, separation orders, and judicial separation, and contains a mixture of essay and problem questions. The first question is an essay question that focuses on the reform of the divorce law. The second question is problem question that requires the application of the law of divorce contained in the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (original and amended versions), judicial separation and the equivalent provisions of the Civil Partnership Act 2004. The third question is an essay question that focuses on the use of mediation in divorce proceedings.

Chapter

Cover Family Law

3. Ending Relationships: Divorce, Dissolution, and Separation  

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. This chapter discusses the law on divorce, dissolution, and separation. It covers divorces in England and Wales; the nature, function, and limits of divorce law; a brief history of divorce law to 1969; divorce law as it was before 2022; the defects of the former law and its reform; the present law of divorce and judicial separation under the Divorce, Dissolution and Separation Act 2020; and evaluation of the current law.

Chapter

Cover Family Law

4. Property Division on Divorce  

Polly Morgan

At the end of a marriage or civil partnership, it is necessary to consider the practical and financial arrangements for the parties’ future: how they will share the value of the house(s), the pensions, and the savings and investments; who pays the debts; who gets personal belongings and furniture; and who has what income to live on. The law will only give effect to agreements that are objectively fair. If the parties cannot agree on a fair settlement, then courts have the power to impose a settlement on them by making a ‘financial remedy’ order in whatever terms it thinks are objectively fair. This power does not apply to unmarried couples. This chapter looks at what the court can do, the legal principles and practicalities that govern property redistribution, and some contentious issues and problems that may arise in financial remedy practice.

Chapter

Cover Family Law Concentrate

3. Divorce, dissolution, and judicial separation  

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter focuses on divorce, dissolution, and judicial separation as means of ending marriage or civil partnership. It first considers the grounds for divorce/dissolution and highlights five facts that can be used to prove a marriage has irretrievably broken down: adultery, behaviour, desertion, two years’ separation with consent, and five years’ separation. The chapter then compares no-fault divorce with divorce based on fault and provides an overview of the debates surrounding reform. Finally, it considers alternatives to the court process when dealing with divorce, dissolution, and judicial separation, with a particular focus on mediation.

Chapter

Cover Family Law

3. Ending Relationships: Divorce and Separation  

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. This chapter discusses the law on divorce and separation. It covers divorces in England and Wales; the nature, function, and limits of divorce law; a brief history of divorce law to 1969; the present law of divorce and judicial separation; evaluation of the current law; options for reform of divorce law and the process of divorce; and the future of English divorce law.

Chapter

Cover Bromley's Family Law

6. Divorce and Dissolution  

N V Lowe, G Douglas, E Hitchings, and R Taylor

This chapter first provides an overview of the historical development of the divorce law in England and Wales and an outline of the law as it was before the new reforms contained within the Divorce, Dissolution and Separation Act 2020 came into effect. It then discusses the path to reform, before ending the chapter with a consideration of the new divorce law and dissolution of civil partnership and judicial separation.

Chapter

Cover Pearce & Stevens' Trusts and Equitable Obligations

11. The family home in context  

This chapter starts by outlining some of the changes in society that have driven the development of the law on disputes regarding the family home. When a family is living happily together, there are unlikely to be disputes about the ownership of the family home. However, where the relationship fails, or one of the parties dies, the division of assets—including the family home—can be a deeply divisive issue. Where a couple are married, their dispute can often be resolved through the divorce legislation. Even then, the chapter shows how equity may have a part to play.

Book

Cover Family Law

Edited by Ruth Lamont

Family Law offers a contextual and critical examination of the subject, discussing areas of debate and controversy. Topics include: family life and the law; marriage, civil partnership, and cohabitation; seeking a divorce; and property division on divorce. It also examines property division on the breakdown of non-marital relationships; child support; domestic violence and abuse; and legal parenthood and parental responsibility. It moves on to look at private child law, public law child protection, adoption; and human rights and children’s rights in the family. Finally, it considers international family law and family law in practice.

Chapter

Cover Borkowski's Textbook on Roman Law

5. The Roman Family  

This chapter is devoted to the Roman law of persons and family. As in modern legal studies, so in Roman law, it is the first branch of private law that students are taught, primarily in order to understand the concept of ‘legal personhood’. This chapter covers the paterfamilias (head of the household); marriage and divorce; adoption; and guardianship. The head of the household was the eldest living male ancestor of a specific family. He had in his power (potestas) all descendants traced through the male line (and also exercised forms of control over other members of the household). Roman law accorded the head of the household extensive legal entitlements, not only vis-à-vis the members of the household, but also its property. The motivation of this state of affairs lies in the recognition in Roman law of the family unit as legally significant entity.

Chapter

Cover Steiner and Woods EU Law

24. Brexit  

This chapter examines the legal issues raised by the controversial Brexit process. It discusses the legal requirements of the so-called divorce process outlined in Article 50 TEU (the voting franchise in the Brexit referendum of 2016, national legal requirements in the UK as regards Parliament, the possible withdrawal of the notification to leave), the withdrawal agreement (including citizens’ rights, the post-Brexit transition period, dispute settlement, separation provisions and the ‘divorce bill’), as well as the future UK/EU relationship (encompassing a free trade agreement in goods and services, fisheries, cooperation on security issues and dispute settlement, including the rule of the CJEU).

Chapter

Cover Family Law

13. International Family Law  

Ruth Lamont

This chapter examines the legal framework governing family law with an international dimension. Given the migration of people and families between countries and legal systems, the management of family law disputes between these systems is an important issue. The chapter examines the sources of international family law, and how we connect people to particular legal systems to govern their dispute. It then considers the law in England and Wales on the recognition of marriage, jurisdiction over divorce, and disputes over children including international child abduction.

Book

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Family Law
The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offers the best preparation for tackling exam and assignment questions. Each book includes key debates, typical questions, diagram answer plans, suggested answers, author commentary, and tips to gain extra marks. Concentrate Q&A Family Law offers expert advice on what to expect from your family law exam, how best to prepare, and guidance on what examiners are really looking for. Written by an experienced examiner, it provides: clear commentary with each question and answer; diagram answer plans; tips to make your answer really stand out from the crowd; and further reading suggestions at the end of every chapter. The book should help you to: identify typical family law exam questions; structure a good answer; avoid common mistakes; show the examiner what you know; make your answer stand out; and find relevant further reading. After an introduction on exam skills for success in family law, chapters cover: marriage, civil partnerships, and cohabitation; void, voidable and non-marriage; divorce and judicial separation; domestic abuse; family property; financial remedies and child support; parenthood and parental responsibility; children’s rights and private law; international relocation and abduction; public law and adoption; mixed topic questions and skills for success in coursework assessments.

Book

Cover Family Law

Polly Morgan

Family Law illustrates the diverse applications of modern family law through real-world scenarios. It starts off by looking at marriage and civil partnership. It moves on to financial provision on divorce and cohabitants and remedies not dependent on divorce. It looks at financial support for children and the various protections in place for domestic abuse. Parenthood and parental responsibility are examined in detail. Children’s rights and welfare are also looked into. Finally, the book considers private law disputes and children and child protection in terms of state support and care, supervision, and adoption.

Book

Cover Family Law Concentrate
Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. Family Law Concentrate is supported by extensive online resources to take your learning further. It has been written by experts and covers all the key topics so that you can approach your exams with confidence. The clear, succinct coverage enables you to quickly grasp the fundamental principles of this area of law and helps you to succeed in exams. This guide has been rigorously reviewed and is endorsed by students and lecturers for level of coverage, accuracy, and exam advice. It is clear, concise, and easy to use, helping you get the most out of your revision. After an introduction, the book covers: families, civil partnerships, and cohabitation; nullity; divorce, dissolution, and judicial separation; domestic abuse; financial provision on divorce or dissolution; Children—private law; Children—public law; adoption; and child abduction. This, the fifth edition, has been fully updated in light of recent developments in the law, including the extension of civil partnerships to heterosexual couples, the Law Commission reviews of the law of surrogacy and marriage and proposals to reform the law of divorce and domestic abuse.

Chapter

Cover Family Law Concentrate

2. Nullity  

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter, which focuses on nullity as a way of terminating marriage or civil partnership, first explains the difference between nullity and divorce on one hand, and between a void marriage and a non-marriage on the other. It then considers the grounds on which a marriage may be void and voidable in England and Wales under the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973, as well the grounds on which a civil partnership may be void and voidable under the Civil Partnership Act 2004. The chapter concludes with an assessment of the future of nullity.

Chapter

Cover Family Law Concentrate

5. Financial provision on divorce or dissolution  

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter discusses financial provision on divorce or dissolution of marriage or civil partnership, including housing and everyday expenses of the parties and any children involved. It considers the courts’ statutory powers to redistribute property in case of divorce, nullity, judicial separation, or the dissolution of a civil partnership. The chapter explains how civil partners in England and Wales are treated under the Civil Partnership Act 2004 (CPA) and the courts’ application of the provisions of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (MCA) in reaching a decision in divorce cases. It also discusses the three principles of financial needs, compensation, and sharing used by the courts in making an award; nuptial agreements; the Law Commission Report on Matrimonial Property, Needs and Agreements; and provision for children under the MCA, the CPA, the Child Support Act 1991, and the Children Act 1989.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Equity & Trusts

Independent Trustee Services Ltd v GP Noble Trustees Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 195, Court of Appeal  

Essential Cases: Equity & Trusts provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Independent Trustee Services Ltd v GP Noble Trustees Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 195, Court of Appeal. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Derek Whayman.

Book

Cover Family Law

Joanna Miles, Rob George, and Sonia Harris-Short

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. Drawing on extensive experience, the authors offer a detailed and authoritative exposition of family law illustrated by materials carefully selected from a wide range of sources. The book’s principal aims are to provide readers with a thorough understanding of family law, in a way that stimulates critical reflection. Readers are encouraged to consider how and why the law has developed as it has, what policies it is seeking to pursue, whether it achieves the right balance between the rights and interests of individual family members and the wider public interest, and how it operates in practice. This edition provides updates and revised discussion on: civil partnership after R (Steinfeld and Keidan) (2018); divorce law following Owens v Owens (2018) and the government’s consultation on reform; domestic abuse, including consultation ahead of the draft Domestic Abuse Bill and forced marriage; rights under the ECHR and UNCRC in children proceedings; surrogacy following Re Z (A Child) (No 2) (2016); child arrangements orders; specific issue and prohibited steps orders, including relocation law; local authority voluntary accommodation following Williams v London Borough of Hackney (2018). There is a new chapter dedicated to property and financial issues after the breakdown of relationships other than marriage and civil partnership. The introductory chapter, supported by materials on the Online Resources, considers some of the contemporary challenges faced by the family justice system.