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Cover Employment Law

26. Working time  

This chapter looks at the background to the Working Time Regulations, the core working time rights and the specifics of the law. It then considers some of the arguments that have been raised both for and against such regulation. The Working Time Regulations regulate daily rest, weekly working time, weekly rest and annual leave, among other matters. The maximum weekly working time is forty-eight hours, but the UK has retained an opt-out to this, so a person can agree to work more hours. The opt-out remains extremely controversial amongst fellow European Member States. The chapter also considers remedies if the rights are breached.


Cover Selwyn's Law of Employment

14. Normal Working Hours and a Week’s Pay  

In order to quantify the amount of money payable to an employee in respect of the violation of certain specific statutory rights, it is necessary to ascertain the employee’s weekly pay, which is done by reference to the employee’s ‘normal working hours’. This chapter considers provisions of the Employment Rights Act s 221–229 which set out what a week’s pay is, as well as the precise formulae for determining how a week’s pay is to be calculated and what to take into account, and, in certain specific cases lists the situations in which there is a statutory cap on that amount.


Cover Employment Law Concentrate

7. Working time  

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter focuses on the Working Time Regulations 1998 (WTR). The WTR implement the Working Time Directive 1993 and parts of the Young Workers Directive 1994. The WTR impose a maximum 48-hour week during a 17-week reference period and provide rules on night work, rest periods, and annual leave. The UK has opted out of the maximum 48-hour working week. It was the sole European Union Member State to do so. On Brexit, the WTR are one of the areas which may come under attack from neoliberals.