1-9 of 9 Results  for:

  • Keyword: trade union x
Clear all

Chapter

Cover An Introduction to European Law

9. Internal Market: Goods I  

This chapter explores the European Union's negative integration tools in the context of the free movement of goods. In order to create an internal market in goods, the EU insists that illegal barriers to intra-Union trade must be removed. Its constitutional regime is, however, split over two sites in Part III of the TFEU. It finds its principal place in Title II governing the free movement of goods, which is complemented by a chapter on ‘Tax Provisions’ in Title VII. Within these two sites, one finds three important prohibitions. The first is the prohibition on customs duties, which are fiscal duties charged when goods cross national borders. The second type of fiscal charge is the discriminatory taxes imposed on foreign goods. The chapter then investigates the legality of and possible justifications for regulatory restrictions to trade in goods.

Chapter

Cover An Introduction to European Law

Epilogue Brexit: Past, Present, Future  

This epilogue discusses the past, present, and future of the British exit (‘Brexit’) from the European Union. It begins by offering a brief historical overview of the past tensions between the United Kingdom and the European Union in an attempt to better explain the ‘special’ unease with which the United Kingdom viewed European integration. A former imperial and global power, its political self-understanding indeed differed from the very beginning from that of other Member States. The chapter then explores the ‘present’ withdrawal process under Article 50 TEU and the ‘Withdrawal Agreement’. It also analyses four possible EU–UK trade relationship options. Will both parties decide to create a common customs union or will they conclude a ‘Canada Plus’ agreement? A future trade deal is currently being negotiated; yet the option of a ‘hard’ Brexit remains.

Chapter

Cover European Union Law

12. Free movement of goods  

Peter Oliver

This chapter discusses EU law on the free movement of goods This includes the so-called non-fiscal rules prohibiting quantitative restrictions on the free movement of goods, such as quotas; and measures having equivalent effect, like the national rules on the composition of beer and pasta. It also includes the fiscal rules prohibiting customs duties, charges having equivalent effect, and discriminatory internal taxation. Together these rules form the basis of the EU’s customs union.

Chapter

Cover An Introduction to European Law

Brexit: Past, Present, Future  

This epilogue discusses the past, present, and future of the British exit (‘Brexit’) from the European Union. It begins by offering a brief historical overview of the past tensions between the United Kingdom and the European Union in an attempt to better explain the ‘special’ unease with which the United Kingdom viewed European integration. The chapter then explores the withdrawal process under Article 50 TEU and the ‘Withdrawal Agreement’ in particular. It then moves to discuss the status of European Union law in post-Brexit Britain. It finally contrasts three possible EU–UK trade relationship options before analysing the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement.

Chapter

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers EU Law

6. The Free Movement of Goods  

The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offer the best preparation for tackling exam questions. Each book includes typical questions, bullet-pointed answer plans and suggested answers, author commentary, and illustrative diagrams and flowcharts. This chapter presents sample exam questions along with examiner’s tips, answer plans, and suggested answers about the free movement of goods in the EU. The questions focus on charges and measures having equivalent effect, the restrictions allowed under Art 36 TFEU, and the principles of law which have emerged from the case of Cassis de Dijon and subsequent cases. The significance of the judgment of the Court of Justice in Keck is addressed.

Chapter

Cover The Substantive Law of the EU

1. Introduction to the Issues  

This book focuses on the rules interfering with movement across EU Member States. This chapter places these rules in context. It discusses the importance of free trade; the different stages of integration; understanding the integration process; and the principles underpinning the common market.

Chapter

Cover European Union Law

12. Free movement of goods  

Peter Oliver and Martín Martínez Navarro

This chapter concerns the free movement of goods in EU law. This includes the Treaty provisions which prohibit quantitative restrictions on the free movement of goods between Member States (ie quotas and complete bans on imports or exports) as well as measures having equivalent effect (eg the national rules on the composition of beer and pasta). Particular attention will be paid to the landmark judgments in Cassis de Dijon, Keck, and Trailers. In view of their considerable importance, the conditions under which quantitative restrictions and measures of equivalent effect may be justified are also discussed at some length. In addition, this chapter includes the fiscal rules prohibiting customs duties, charges having equivalent effect and discriminatory internal taxation. Taken together these provisions, which concern restrictions on imports and exports, form the basis of the EU’s customs union.

Chapter

Cover European Union Law

9. Free movement of goods (I): the abolition of customs duties and internal taxation  

This chapter introduces the law on the free movement of goods in the EU. It discusses the following: the customs union; the free movement of goods provisions in the TFEU; customs duties and common customs tariffs; charges having equivalent effect to a customs duty, and charges falling within the scope of internal taxation.

Chapter

Cover An Introduction to European Law

12. Union Policies: Overview  

This chapter offers an overview of the main internal and external policies of the Union. The internal policies of the Union can today be found in Part III of the TFEU entitled ‘Internal Policies and Internal Actions’. The external policies of the Union are generally placed into Part V of the TFEU entitled ‘The Union’s External Action’. This chapter discusses two internal and two external policies. It provides an introduction to the Union’s Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Section 2 moves to EU Social Policy. This is an important internal policy for a continent that prides itself as being the ‘social continent’. The two external policies discussed are the Common Commercial Policy and the Union’s ‘special’ Common Foreign and Security Policy.