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Cover Environmental Law

16. Contaminated land  

Stuart Bell, Donald McGillivray, Ole W. Pedersen, Emma Lees, and Elen Stokes

This chapter considers the set of laws introduced to address the patchy nature of pre-existing regimes. Although its focus is relatively narrow—that is, on the regulation of the clean-up of historically contaminated land—it is always important to bear in mind that the basic building blocks of statutory liability for cleaning up pollution can often be found in subject-specific legislation. The focus on the clean-up of contamination caused by historical sources presents a number of significant challenges, such as when should clean-up be required, to what level, and for what purposes. The most significant of all of these issues, however, is the identification of the party, or parties, responsible for paying the consequences of historic pollution.

Chapter

Cover Environmental Law

6. Statutory Liabilities and Remedies  

An important feature of environmental law is the creation of statutory schemes that impose liability on those that engage in environmental deleterious activity and/or require them to remediate environmental harm. This chapter discusses three different statutory regimes that exist in UK and EU environmental law which create liabilities, obligations, or provide remedies to address a range of environmentally related problems: statutory nuisance; the contaminated land regime under Part IIA of the Environmental Protection Act; and the EU Environmental Liability Directive. The chapter begins by providing a brief conceptual overview of different types of statutory liability techniques. Its aim is to give some feeling for both the conceptual complexity and the practical significance of these areas of law.