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Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Company Law

13. Skills for Success in Coursework Assessments  

The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offers the best preparation for tackling exam questions and coursework. Each book includes typical questions, suggested answers with commentary, illustrative diagrams, guidance on how to develop your answer, suggestions for further reading, and advice on exams and coursework. This chapter provides advice on preparing coursework in company law and the skills required to complete it successfully, to ensure you are best prepared for your assessment. Two coursework example questions, one essay and one problem question, with accompanying answer guidance, are also available. The chapter provides lots of important tips for coursework success and includes a final checklist of issues to consider before submitting your work.

Chapter

Cover Company Law

14. Directors’ liabilities for breach of duty  

This chapter focuses on the extent of a director’s civil liability for breach of fiduciary duty and the liability of third parties involved in some way in that breach of duty. One of the most important issues is the extent of a director’s liability to account. Liability can range from accounting for secret profits to claims for equitable compensation and from personal to proprietary claims. Often, a claim will be affected by limitation issues. It may be complicated by the involvement of third party accessories. Mitigation through reliance on indemnity provisions, insurance and by applying to the court for relief is also considered. The discussion covers: breach of fiduciary duty, liability of third parties, claims for negligence, and managing potential liabilities.

Chapter

Cover Company Law

19. The unfairly prejudicial remedy and the minority shareholder  

The most important minority shareholder remedy is the unfairly prejudicial petition under Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006), s 994. This chapter examines petitioning on the grounds of unfair prejudice; the boundaries to unfairly prejudicial conduct; the court’s power to grant relief; and petitioning for a winding-up order on the just and equitable ground under IA 1986, s 122(1)(g). The extensive case law on the section is considered in detail. The courts look to breaches of the terms on which the business should be conducted including breaches of the CA 2006, but also breaches of the agreements underlying the parties’ relationships. Such underlying commitments are most commonly found in quasi-partnerships. The chapter examines the quasi-partnership in detail. The remedy most commonly provided by the court is a purchase order and the chapter looks at the valuation issues around such orders. It also considers the alternative remedy of a winding up on the just and equitable ground.

Chapter

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Company Law

9. Share Capital  

The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offers the best preparation for tackling exam questions and coursework. Each book includes typical questions, suggested answers with commentary, illustrative diagrams, guidance on how to develop your answer, suggestions for further reading, and advice on exams and coursework. This chapter examines the law on share capital for public and private companies. The doctrine of capital maintenance ensures that the company has raised the capital it claims to have raised; and that the capital is not subsequently returned, directly or indirectly, to the shareholders. There is a great deal of (mainly statutory) law surrounding this doctrine This chapter considers the capital maintenance doctrine itself and many related topics, including: the issue of shares for non-cash consideration, issue of shares at a discount, reduction of capital, purchase of a company’s own shares, redeemable shares, payment of dividends, and financial assistance by a company for the purchase of its own shares.

Chapter

Cover Company Law

21. Share capital—capital raising and payment  

This chapter considers the statutory rules governing share capital requirements, especially the rules governing allotment of shares, payment for shares, and capital raising. Share capital rules are predominantly statutory and this chapter looks at the statutory framework on allotment including the authority of the directors to allot shares, the need for rights issues; the ability to accept a non-cash consideration; and the prohibitions on various types of consideration, in the case of public companies. Minimum capital requirements and the need to avoid issuing at a discount are considered. A key issue for public companies is whether to make an offer of their shares to the public or seek to have their shares traded on a public market. The regulatory framework for public offers of shares, essentially requiring a prospectus, is considered.