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Chapter

Cover Jacobs, White, and Ovey: The European Convention on Human Rights

13. Aspects of the Criminal Process  

This chapter, which examines the provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights on fair trial specific to criminal proceedings found in paragraphs (2) and (3) of Article 6, explains the scope of Article 6(2) and (3), and discusses the principle of legality and the judgments made by the Strasbourg Court in several related cases. It also considers the rule against retrospective legislation in Article 7 of the Convention and a number of additional rights connected with the criminal process introduced by Articles 2 to 4 of Protocol 7. The Court considers the relationship between the Court and domestic jurisdictions in relation to Article 6, Article 7, and Articles 2 to 4 of Protocol 7.

Chapter

Cover International Human Rights Law

15. Equality before the law—the right to a fair trial  

This chapter discusses the right to be recognized as a person before the law; the equality of persons before the law; the prohibition on retroactive penal legislation; the position of courts under the law; the presumption of innocence; and those rights that accrue primarily to accused persons. It argues that the right to equality before the law is one of the major embodiments of the freedom from discrimination advocated by the United Nations. The right to a fair trial and the equality of arms of parties to a legal dispute are fundamental to the operation of the rule of law.