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Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Criminal Law

Attorney-General’s Reference (No. 3 of 1994) [1998] AC 245, House of Lords  

Essential Cases: Criminal Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Attorney-General’s Reference (No. 3 of 1994) [1998] AC 245, House of Lords. The document also included supporting commentary from author Jonathan Herring.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Criminal Law

Attorney-General’s Reference (No. 3 of 1994) [1998] AC 245, House of Lords  

Essential Cases: Criminal Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Attorney-General’s Reference (No. 3 of 1994) [1998] AC 245, House of Lords. The document also included supporting commentary from author Jonathan Herring.

Chapter

Cover Criminal Law Directions

7. Non-fatal offences against the person  

Without assuming prior legal knowledge, books in the Directions series introduce and guide readers through key points of law and legal debate. Questions, diagrams, and exercises help readers to engage fully with each subject and check their understanding as they progress. This chapter first discusses the five main non-fatal offences against the person: assault (also referred to as ‘common assault’), battery, assault occasioning actual bodily harm, maliciously wounding or inflicting grievous bodily harm, and wounding or causing GBH with intent. It also examines the defence of consent, and the two poisoning offences which are indictable only: maliciously administering poison or a noxious thing so as to endanger life or inflict GBH under s.23 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861; and maliciously administering poison or a noxious thing with intent to injure, aggrieve, or annoy, contrary to s.24 of the same Act.

Chapter

Cover Smith, Hogan, and Ormerod's Criminal Law

16. Non-fatal offences against the person  

David Ormerod and Karl Laird

This chapter focuses on non-fatal offences against the person, including assault and battery, wounding and inflicting grievous bodily harm, poisoning offences, kidnapping, harassment and possession and use of offensive weapons. The chapter also discusses defences to assault and battery including consent and lawful chastisement, in addition to the Law Commission’s Report on reforming offences against the person. The discussion includes a detailed analysis of the relevant statutory offences including the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 and the Protection from Harassment Act 1997. It also considers coercive control as well as racially or religiously aggravated versions of the relevant offences.

Chapter

Cover Criminal Law

6. Non-Fatal Non-Sexual Offences Against the Person  

This chapter discusses a wide range of offences against the person: from an unwanted touching on an arm to a life-threatening attack. Key to the law is the right to bodily integrity: a person should not be touched against their wishes. This right is protected under the common law and Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Topics covered include assault and battery; assault occasioning actual bodily harm; malicious wounding; wounding with intent; poisoning; racially and religiously aggravated crimes; the Protection from Harassment Act 1997; threats offences; strangulation and coercive control; transmitting disease; consent and assault; the true nature and extent of violent crime; the nature of an assault; objections to and reform of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861; and emotional and relational harm.

Chapter

Cover Complete Criminal Law

8. Non-fatal offences against the person  

This chapter discusses the provisions of criminal law for non-fatal offences against the person in England and Wales, which include assault, battery, malicious wounding, grievous bodily harm, and racially and religiously aggravated assaults. It examines the distinctions between these major offences against the person and discusses their actus reus and mens rea elements. The chapter evaluates the use of consent and lawful chastisement in legal defence, analyses the relevant provisions of the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 and the offences of coercive control and strangulation, and reviews recent reform proposals. It also provides examples of related cases and comments on the bases of court decisions on each of them.

Chapter

Cover Criminal Law

10. Non-fatal offences against the person  

Michael J. Allen and Ian Edwards

Course-focused and contextual, Criminal Law provides a succinct overview of the key areas on the law curriculum balanced with thought-provoking contextual discussion. This chapter discusses the main non-fatal offences involving violence against the person. Non-fatal offences include assault and battery, assault occasioning actual bodily harm, wounding and inflicting grievous bodily harm, wounding or causing grievous bodily harm with intent, administering poison, and offences related to explosive substances and corrosive fluids (including offences related to ‘acid attacks’). The chapter analyses in detail consent as a defence to non-fatal offences against the person, including discussion of recent case law on whether consent is a defence to acts of ‘body modification’. The chapter also outlines necessity and lawful correction. The chapter’s ‘The Law in Context’ feature examines the scope of ‘hate crime’ legislation.