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Chapter

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Family Law

3. Void, Voidable, and Non-Marriages  

The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offers the best preparation for tackling exam and assignment questions. Each book includes key debates, typical questions, diagram answer plans, suggested answers, author commentary, and tips to gain extra marks. This chapter focuses on nullity and void, voidable, and non-marriages. The first question requires students to analyse the difference between void and voidable marriages, the grounds for which are contained in ss 11 and 12 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973. The second is an essay question that considers the concept of non-marriage or non-existent marriage, which is regulated by case law. The third question is a problem question that examines void and voidable marriages and covers issues such as bigamy, prohibited degrees of relationship, gender recognition, and lack of consummation. The final question asks candidates whether the concept of voidable marriage should be abolished.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Land Law

Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd v London Residuary Body [1992] 2 AC 386, House of Lords  

Essential Cases: Land Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd v London Residuary Body [1992] 2 AC 386, House of Lords. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Aruna Nair.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Land Law

Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd v London Residuary Body [1992] 2 AC 386, House of Lords  

Essential Cases: Land Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd v London Residuary Body [1992] 2 AC 386, House of Lords. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Aruna Nair.

Chapter

Cover JC Smith's The Law of Contract

6. Identity of offeror and offeree  

This chapter considers situations where one party (A) makes an offer to another party (B) but a third party (C) purports to accept the offer made by A. If A makes an offer to B and B alone, that offer cannot be accepted by C. Whether an offer is restricted to B alone is a question of interpretation. If A makes a mistake as to the other party’s identity, no contract will be formed (or, as it is sometimes said, the contract will be void). If A makes a mistake as to the other party’s attributes (such as their creditworthiness) then a contract will be formed. However, that contract may be voidable as a result of a misrepresentation. Whether a contract is void or voidable is particularly important where third parties have acquired rights in the subject matter of a contract.

Chapter

Cover Cheshire, Fifoot, and Furmston's Law of Contract

12. Contracts Void at Common Law on Grounds of Public Policy  

M P Furmston

This chapter examines the three types of contract that are treated by the courts as void: contracts to oust the jurisdiction of the courts; contracts prejudicial to the status of marriage; and contracts in restraint of trade. The legal consequences of such contracts are also discussed.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law

Shogun Finance Ltd v Hudson [2003] UKHL 62  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Shogun Finance Ltd v Hudson [2003] UKHL 62. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law

Times Travel (UK) Ltd v Pakistan International Airlines Corporation [2021] UKSC 40; [2021] 3 WLR 727  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Times Travel (UK) Ltd v Pakistan International Airlines Corporation [2021] UKSC 40; [2021] 3 WLR 727. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law 5e

Shogun Finance Ltd v Hudson [2003] UKHL 62  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Shogun Finance Ltd v Hudson [2003] UKHL 62. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law 5e

Times Travel (UK) Ltd v Pakistan International Airlines Corporation [2021] UKSC 40; [2021] 3 WLR 727  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Times Travel (UK) Ltd v Pakistan International Airlines Corporation [2021] UKSC 40; [2021] 3 WLR 727. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Contract Law Concentrate

2. Agreement problems  

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter focuses on issues which may prevent the parties from reaching agreement. Agreement problems generally affect the agreement by rendering it void. It is necessary, however, to distinguish a void contract from one which is merely voidable. If an apparent agreement is too uncertain in its terms (e.g. because it is vague or essential terms are missing), the courts will not enforce it because they will not construct a binding contract for the parties. An apparent agreement may be void where the parties entered into the agreement under a ‘fundamental’ mistake which the law recognizes as preventing the parties from ever reaching agreement.

Chapter

Cover Family Law Concentrate

2. Nullity  

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter, which focuses on nullity as a way of terminating marriage or civil partnership, first explains the difference between nullity and divorce on one hand, and between a void marriage and a non-marriage on the other. It then considers the grounds on which a marriage may be void and voidable in England and Wales under the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973, as well the grounds on which a civil partnership may be void and voidable under the Civil Partnership Act 2004. The chapter concludes with an assessment of the future of nullity.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law

Bisset v Wilkinson [1927] AC 177  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Bisset v Wilkinson [1927] AC 177, Privy Council. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law

Atlas Express Ltd v Kafco (Importers and Distributors) Ltd [1989] QB 833  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Atlas Express Ltd v Kafco (Importers and Distributors) Ltd [1989] QB 833. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law 5e

Bisset v Wilkinson [1927] AC 177  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Bisset v Wilkinson [1927] AC 177, Privy Council. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law 5e

Spice Girls Ltd v Aprilia World Service [2002] EWCA Civ 15  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Spice Girls Ltd v Aprilia World Service [2002] EWCA Civ 15. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law 5e

Atlas Express Ltd v Kafco (Importers and Distributors) Ltd [1989] QB 833  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Atlas Express Ltd v Kafco (Importers and Distributors) Ltd [1989] QB 833. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.

Chapter

Cover Administrative Law

9. Problems of Invalidity  

Sir William Wade and Christopher Forsyth

This chapter begins with a discussion of collateral proceedings, identifying the situations in which the court will and will not allow the issue of invalidity to be raised. It then explains the rules on partial invalidity, standard and burden of proof, and invalid and void administrative acts.

Chapter

Cover Wade & Forsyth's Administrative Law

9. Problems of Invalidity  

Sir William Wade, Christopher Forsyth, and Julian Ghosh

This chapter begins with a discussion of collateral proceedings, identifying the situations in which the court will and will not allow the issue of invalidity to be raised. It then explains the rules on partial invalidity, standard and burden of proof, and invalid and void administrative acts.

Chapter

Cover Administrative Law

3. The Status of Unlawful Administrative Action  

Mark Elliott and Jason Varuhas

This chapter examines the status of unlawful administrative action, and more specifically whether unlawful administrative action is void or voidable. It first considers the practical and theoretical arguments that address the ‘void or voidable’ question by focusing on the case of Boddington v. British Transport Police [1999] 2 AC 143, along with four post-Boddington decisions. It then discusses the nature of voidness, with particular emphasis on the presumption of validity and the principle of legal relativity. It also explores the divergent theoretical perspectives upon administrative law that underpin the different approaches that writers adopt to the status of unlawful administrative acts. Finally, it looks at voidness in relation to collateral challenge and suggests that the disagreements regarding the status of unlawful administrative action, at least to some extent, pertain not to what constitutes a desirable outcome but to the form of judicial reasoning that prefigures the reaching of the outcome.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Contract Law

Spice Girls Ltd v Aprilia World Service [2002] EWCA Civ 15  

Essential Cases: Contract Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Spice Girls Ltd v Aprilia World Service [2002] EWCA Civ 15. The document also includes supporting commentary from author Nicola Jackson.