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Book

Cover International Human Rights Law

Edited by Daniel Moeckli, Sangeeta Shah, Sandesh Sivakumaran, and David Harris

Written by leading experts in the field, International Human Rights Law explores the essentials of international human rights law, from foundational issues to substantive rights and systems of protection. It also addresses contemporary challenges, such as climate change and pandemics, ensuring students are aware of the current and future importance of these issues. A variety of perspectives bring this multifaceted and sometimes contentious subject to life, making the book the ideal companion for students and practitioners of human rights. Breadth and depth of coverage provide a thorough and complete guide for students of international human rights law. Each chapter is written by an expert in their respective field. The book includes useful features such as chapter summaries, suggestions for further reading, and questions for reflection to stimulate further thinking on the issues considered. New to this fourth edition are chapters on rights and obligations, climate change, and pandemics.

Chapter

Cover International Law

25. International Human Rights Law  

Nigel Rodley

This chapter considers the background to, and current developments concerning the manner in which international law has engaged with the protection of human rights, including both civil and political rights and economic, social, and cultural rights. It looks at historical, philosophical, and political factors which have shaped our understanding of human rights and the current systems of international protection. It focuses on the systems of protection developed by and through the United Nations through the ‘International Bill of Rights’, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN human rights treaties and treaty bodies, and the UN Special Procedures as well as the work of the Human Rights Council. It also looks at the systems of regional human rights protection which have been established.

Chapter

Cover International Human Rights Law

21. The Americas  

Thomas M Antkowiak

This chapter considers human rights protection across the Americas, and focuses in particular on the Organization of American States (OAS). The chapter begins with a historical overview of the OAS. The OAS has drafted and promulgated several human rights documents and treaties, including the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man and the American Convention on Human Rights, as well as others. Having introduced the main instruments for the protection of human rights, the chapter then considers the two main OAS institutions that are mandated to promote and protect human rights: the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Finally, challenges to the Inter-American system are discussed.

Chapter

Cover International Human Rights Law

23. Africa  

Christof Heyns and Magnus Killander

This chapter examines the role of the African Union in the realization of human rights. It focuses on the principal human rights treaty adopted by the African Union—the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights—and the main organs—the African Commission and the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights—that have been established to ensure its implementation. The chapter also considers the complementary African Peer Review Mechanism.

Chapter

Cover International Human Rights Law

20. Regional Protection  

Başak Çalı

This chapter discusses regional systems of human rights protection by surveying the human rights standards adopted and institutions created to interpret and enforce human rights in different regions. The central focus of the chapter is the convergences and divergences between regional human rights systems in standard settings and institutional mechanisms, in particular, when compared to standards and institutions in place at the level of the United Nations. The chapter concludes with a discussion of future prospects for interactions between regional human rights systems, in particular, in the light of developments undertaken by the League of Arab States and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Chapter

Cover International Human Rights Law

22. Europe  

Steven Greer and Lewis Graham

This chapter examines the origins, historical development, and key characteristics of the various inter-state organizations engaged in human rights activities in Europe. Having briefly described the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, it examines the Council of Europe and the European Union, including the European Convention on Human Rights, the European Court of Human Rights, and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.