1-15 of 15 Results

  • Keyword: redundancy x
Clear all

Chapter

Cover Selwyn's Law of Employment

18. Redundancy  

The Redundancy Payments Act 1965 was enacted to compensate a long-serving employee for the loss of a right which he has in a job. The Act has been repealed and replaced by corresponding provisions in the Employment Rights Act 1996. This chapter discusses provisions of the Employment Rights Act 1996. It looks at what is a dismissal and the definition of redundancy, transferred redundancies, presumption of redundancy, and offers of alternative employment. Considered are whether redundancy dismissals are fair or unfair; offers of suitable alternative employment; excluded classes of employees; handling redundancies; claims for redundancy payments; payments by the Secretary of State; consultation on redundancies; the meaning of the term ‘establishment’; the consultation provisions of the legislation; and notification of mass redundancies to the minister.

Chapter

Cover Employment Law

6. Redundancy  

This chapter discusses redundancy law in the UK. Redundancy, which generally occurs when an employer reduces its workforce for economic reasons, is a common form of ‘potentially fair’ dismissal. There are three lawful ways in which selection for redundancy can be achieved: last-in-first-out, points-based approaches and employee selection processes. Redundancy payments must be equal to the statutory minimum and are often higher due to additional contractual arrangements which are more generous. Notice periods must also be honoured. UK redundancy law is often criticised because it is less procedurally cumbersome and requires employers to compensate less than is the case in other larger EU countries. This suggests that multi-national corporations dismiss their UK employees before counterparts elsewhere in Europe.

Chapter

Cover Employment Law in Context

18. Redundancy  

This chapter examines the statutory regulation of redundancy, together with the extent to which a statutory redundancy payment offers sufficient compensation for the loss of the employee’s job, and the financial and emotional disruption caused by the need to search for other employment. It considers other protections available to the employee who is about to be, or has been, made redundant. It then assesses the evolution of the present statutory regime and whether it strikes an appropriate balance between the personal financial costs and adverse social costs shouldered by UK taxpayers and the economy on the one hand, and the costs to the productive economy and the labour market on the other. The alternatives to redundancy are also addressed.

Chapter

Cover Employment Law Concentrate

10. Redundancy  

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter discusses the law on redundancy. Employees are considered redundant if the employer has ceased or intends to cease carrying on the business for the purposes for which the employees were employed, or in the place where they are employed there has been, or will be, a diminution in the need for work of a particular kind. The burden of proof is on the employer to show that any offer of alternative employment was suitable and that any refusal by the employee was unreasonable. The size of a redundancy payment depends upon the employee’s age, length of service, and the amount of a week’s pay.

Chapter

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Employment Law

14. Mixed topic questions  

The Q&A series offer the best preparation for tackling exam questions. Each book includes typical questions, bullet-pointed answer plans and suggested answers, author commentary, and illustrative diagrams and flowcharts. This chapter presents sample exam questions which cover a mixture of topics. The questions require you to cover a range of material covered in your module. Through a mixture of problem questions and essays, students are guided through a combination of topics that may typically be examined together in an employment law question. Guidance is given on how best to approach mixed questions including the benefits of not viewing topics in isolation and how best to demonstrate the range and depth of knowledge required in a mixed topic question.

Chapter

Cover Introduction to Business Law

13. The Contract of Employment and its Termination  

This chapter discusses the contract of employment and its termination. It considers the difference between an employee, an employee shareholder, an independent contractor, and a worker, and the tests used to establish their status. It discusses the types of implied terms contained in a contract of employment. The chapter also considers termination of a contract of employment, examining the difference between unfair, constructive, and wrongful dismissal. It looks at claims for unfair dismissal, considering the potentially fair reasons for dismissal, the band of reasonable responses, the automatically unfair reasons for dismissal, and the remedies available where unfair dismissal has occurred. The chapter concludes with a discussion of redundancy.

Chapter

Cover Employment Law in Context

20. Collective Redundancies  

This chapter examines the law on collective dismissals, which involves the large-scale lay-off of labour by an employer. It first considers the meaning of ‘collective redundancies’ and discusses the basic obligations of the employer, namely the provisions of information, consultation and notification. It then turns to the detail of Chapter II of Part IV of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (TULRCA); the nature and extent of the employer’s obligations; and the consequences when the employer fails to comply with the statutory information and consultation procedures in section 188 of TULRCA.

Chapter

Cover Smith & Wood's Employment Law

8. Redundancy, reorganization, and transfers of undertakings  

This chapter discusses issues concerning an employer facing hard times or stiff competition, which may need to sell or contract out part of its operation, dismiss some employees, or change the terms and conditions of work. It tackles these situations together both for the practical benefit of grouping issues that arise from similar factual settings and for the analytical coherence of dealing together with protections designed to balance worker interests in job security with the general economic interest in lean, efficient, and flexible enterprise. The statutory definition of ‘redundancy’ is examined and is contrasted with termination of employment, or change in terms of employment, for other economic reasons. The chapter then deals with statutory redundancy payments and collective consultation on collective dismissals (whether for redundancy or other reasons). The discussion then focuses on distinctions in how tribunals assess the fairness of redundancy dismissals as opposed to other dismissals caused by reorganization which are categorized as being for ‘some other substantial reason’. Finally, the chapter addresses the law governing the transfer of undertakings, or ‘TUPE’, covering the transfer to the new employer of individual and collective relationships, the protection of existing terms and conditions, and the legality of transfer-related dismissals and transfer-related changes to the employment contract.

Chapter

Cover Smith & Wood's Employment Law

8. Redundancy, reorganization, and transfers of undertakings  

Ian Smith, Owen Warnock, and Gemma Mitchell

This chapter discusses issues which arise when an employer faces hard times or stiff competition. The employer may need to sell or contract out part of its operation, dismiss some employees, or change the terms and conditions of work. The statutory definition of ‘redundancy’ is examined and is contrasted with termination of employment, or change in terms of employment, for other economic reasons. The chapter then deals with statutory redundancy payments and collective consultation on collective dismissals (whether for redundancy or other reasons). The discussion then focuses on how tribunals assess the fairness of redundancy dismissals and on the different approach taken as to the fairness of dismissals caused by reorganization which are categorized as being for ‘some other substantial reason’. Finally, the chapter addresses ‘TUPE’, which is the law governing the transfer of undertakings and situation where a service provider loses or gains a contract. The issues relate to the transfer to the new employer of individual and collective relationships, the protection of existing terms and conditions, and the legality of transfer-related dismissals and transfer-related changes to the employment contract.

Chapter

Cover Business Law Concentrate

8. Employment II: termination—wrongful dismissal, unfair dismissal, and redundancy  

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter reviews the law on the termination of the employment contract. Employees have a statutory right not to be unfairly dismissed and the Employment Rights Act (ERA) 1996 identifies the criteria to be satisfied in order for the employee to gain protection. The common law protects against wrongful dismissal and provides tests and guidance for situations involving a breach of an employment contract. The chapter also considers redundancy situations. As this is governed by statute, it is necessary to appreciate the obligations imposed on the employer to adopt fair procedures.

Chapter

Cover Card & James' Business Law

28. The termination of employment  

This chapter examines the procedures and the obligations of employers in relation to the termination of employment. It discusses the concept of dismissal and the different types of dismissal. These include termination upon notice, termination upon expiry of a limited-term contract, summary dismissal, constructive dismissal, wrongful dismissal, and unfair dismissal. Each of these forms of dismissal is discussed in detail, including an examination of the requirements for establishing dismissal and the damages that can be awarded for dismissal in breach of the law. Finally, the chapter discusses when a worker is entitled to receive redundancy pay and how such pay is assessed.

Chapter

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Employment Law

8. Statutory redundancy payments and consultation procedures  

The Q&A series offer the best preparation for tackling exam questions. Each book includes typical questions, bullet-pointed answer plans and suggested answers, author commentary, and illustrative diagrams and flowcharts. This chapter presents sample exam questions about statutory redundancy payments and consultation procedures. Through a mixture of problem questions and essays, students are guided through some of the key issues on the topic of statutory redundancy pay including the qualifying period to be eligible, the definition of redundancy, procedural fairness, case law on ‘work of a particular kind’, bumping, suitable alternative employment, and calculating statutory redundancy pay. Students are also introduced to the current key debates in the area and provided with suggestions for additional reading for those who want to take things further.

Chapter

Cover Business Law

20. Ending Employment Contracts at Common Law; and Duties to Redundant and Transferring Staff  

This chapter identifies the remedy for the termination of contracts of employment through the common law claim of wrongful dismissal. It addresses situations of redundancy, and the rights of individuals and obligations on employers when the business is transferred to a new owner. Each of these measures offer protection to employees, and employers should understand the nature of these rights, the qualifications necessary for each mechanism, and the remedies available, to ensure they select the most appropriate mechanism to bring the employment relationship to an end. Before the 1960s, contracts of employment were largely dealt with by the ‘normal’ rules of contract law and were often heard by courts that hear contractual disputes. It is important to be aware of the mechanisms that will enable termination of the employment relationship without transgressing the law in order to maintain good working relations.

Book

Cover Employment Law Concentrate
Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. Employment Law Concentrate helps to consolidate knowledge in this area of law. This seventh edition includes updates on employment law, including further coverage of the employment status, written particulars, restraint of trade, and equal pay. The book includes discussion of recent cases, including Supreme Court ones, and forthcoming amendments to the law are noted where appropriate. The volume also looks at implied terms, discrimination, parental rights, working time, and types of breach of employment contracts and termination of employment contracts. Finally, the text looks at dismissal issues (including both wrongful and unfair dismissal), redundancy, and trade unions. The chapter on trade unions has been transferred to online-only content, available in the online resources for this book.

Book

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Employment Law
The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offers the best preparation for law students tackling exam questions. Each book includes typical questions, bullet-pointed answer plans, suggested answers, author commentary, and illustrative diagrams and flowcharts. This book offers clear advice on what to expect in typical employment law exams. It addresses a wide range of employment law topics that are most often encountered in employment law courses, including questions on ‘mixed’ topics. The book provides sample essay and problem questions to allow students to practise and refine exam skills. These are supported by suggested answers and diagram plans. Detailed author commentary explains what examiners are looking for, traps to avoid, and how students can best achieve their potential. This book also includes separate chapters on skills and tips for success in both exams and in coursework assessments. It is an ideal tool to help support revision or to use throughout studies to help review learning.