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Chapter

Cover Family Law

6. Financial Remedies on Divorce  

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. This chapter focuses on financial remedies on divorce. After outlining key socio-economic data about the family economy and its impact on family members (especially parents) on relationship breakdown, it discusses financial remedies on divorce; the principles governing the grant of those and exercise of the statutory discretion; the clean-break principle; private ordering; and reform.

Chapter

Cover Family Law

6. Financial Remedies on Divorce  

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. This chapter focuses on financial remedies on divorce. After outlining key socio-economic data about the family economy and its impact on family members (especially parents) on relationship breakdown, it discusses financial remedies on divorce; the principles governing the grant of those and exercise of the statutory discretion; the clean break principle; private ordering; and reform.

Chapter

Cover The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

29. Policing and the police  

Trevor Jones, Tim Newburn, and Robert Reiner

In this chapter we review some of the key themes in scholarly work on policing, one of the major sub-fields within criminology. The focus is primarily upon the United Kingdom though many of the themes are familiar across all western democracies. We begin by considering what is meant by ‘policing’, before outlining the emergence of this field of academic research. The chapter then examines the development of modern policing, and the challenges of establishing and maintaining police legitimacy. This leads into a discussion of a series of key themes in policing research, including the operation and control of police discretion, occupational cultures, matters relating to diversity and discrimination, and the politics and governance of the police. The next section outlines distinctive policing ‘models’ that have emerged in recent times. The policing landscape is increasingly complex and the chapter concludes by considering two of the most significant developments: pluralization and transnationalization.

Chapter

Cover Tort Law

11. Nuisance  

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. This chapter is concerned with two forms of action in nuisance: public nuisance and private nuisance. It begins by considering the basis of liability in private nuisance and the difficulties presented by cases of overlap between negligence and nuisance. It also discusses the relationship between private and public interests and the relevance of the Human Rights Act 1998. The chapter concludes by assessing the role of community or public interest in nuisance actions, particularly in relation to remedies, and recent attempts to use public nuisance in particular to restrain collective activities on the basis of public order. Relevant court cases are cited where appropriate.

Chapter

Cover The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

34. Policing and the police  

Trevor Jones, Tim Newburn, and Robert Reiner

This chapter reviews some of the key themes in academic research and writing on the police and policing. It begins by discussing definitions of ‘policing’ and ‘police’, before outlining the development of academic research on policing in the USA and UK. The nature of police discretion is then discussed along with the factors that shape police decision-making and the implications of these for the accountability of policing agents and organizations. The next section reviews contrasting models of policing that have emerged over recent years, including community policing, problem-oriented policing, ‘zero tolerance’ policing and intelligence-led policing. Subsequently, two overarching developments within contemporary policing—pluralization (with a particular focus on private security) and internationalization—are explored. The chapter concludes with some reflections on the future of police and policing. The primary focus is upon policing in Britain, though many of the themes are similar across liberal democratic societies.

Chapter

Cover Family Law

7. Property and Finances When Non-Formalized Relationships End  

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. This chapter focuses on the resolution of property and financial disputes that may arise between family members who are not spouses or civil partners and so who cannot use the statutory remedies discussed in chapter 6. Instead, parties rely largely on the general law of property, trusts, and contract to provide solutions. This chapter examines those areas of law, and the few statutory provisions that apply between these parties, before considering the prospects for reform.

Chapter

Cover Family Law

7. Property and Finances When Non-Formalized Relationships End  

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. This chapter focuses on the resolution of property and financial disputes that may arise between family members who are not spouses or civil partners and so who cannot use the statutory remedies discussed in chapter 6. Instead, parties rely largely on the general law of property, trusts, and contract to provide solutions. This chapter examines those areas of law, and the few statutory provisions that apply between these parties, before considering the prospects for reform.