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Cover Mason and McCall Smith's Law and Medical Ethics

2. Critical Frameworks in Bioethics  

A. M. Farrell and E. S. Dove

This chapter digs deeper into the theories and critical frameworks that are widely used to characterise the concerns, interests, and principles at stake in ethical challenges arising in medicine and health-related contexts and that we can use to justify our responses to these challenges. In doing bioethics we are required to challenge easy assumptions and to interrogate the relevance and persuasiveness of reasons that might be given for ethical positions. The range of responses to questions surveyed in this chapter—such as what matters? Who matters? What defines right and wrong? And what does justice demand of us?—provide a range of frameworks that can be used in this critical endeavour.

Chapter

Cover Medical Law

14. Abortion  

This chapter examines the law on abortion, beginning with debates over the moral legitimacy of abortion. It then examines the current legal position, and considers how the Abortion Act 1967, as amended, works in practice, as well as considering the prospects for law reform. Finally, the chapter looks briefly at the regulation of abortion in Northern Ireland, Ireland, and the United States.

Chapter

Cover Medical Law

13. Embryo Research, Stem Cells, and Emerging Biotechnologies  

This chapter covers embryo research, stem cell therapies and other emerging biotechnologies. It begins with a review of philosophical debates over the moral status of the embryo and discusses the regulation of embryo research in the UK. It then turns to consider stem cell therapies, before examining other emerging biotechnologies, including neurotechnologies and AI, and debates over human enhancement.