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Chapter

Cover European Union Law

17. EU relations with third states and international organisations  

This chapter considers the EU’s relationship with third countries and international organisations. It discusses the legal basis and competence for the EU’s external action and offers examples of how the EU exercises this competence. This is followed by an overview of the types of agreements the EU enters into with third countries with a discussion on the treaty arrangements with Switzerland, the EEA (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and the UK. It then considers the EU’s relationship with a selection of international organisations.

Chapter

Cover International Law

23. International Investment Law  

Surya P Subedi

This chapter discusses the development and current state of international investment law, which encompasses international finance law, international trade law, international investment law, and regional economic trade agreements. Recent progressions in the area of international financial law, international trade law, and investment law demonstrate that other areas of international regulation have a decisive influence on international investment law. Moreover, international investment law is more increasingly focused on development concerns. International investment law is currently going through an exciting phase in its development. It has now become one of the fastest changing areas of international law with exciting and far-reaching implications for both investment-receiving and investment-exporting countries, thanks to enterprising claimants and innovative interpretations and expansive approaches adopted by international investment tribunals. This chapter seeks to capture the law and the recent trends in both State practice and jurisprudence in this area of international law.

Chapter

Cover Complete EU Law

16. Brexit  

Titles in the Complete series combine extracts from a wide range of primary materials with clear explanatory text to provide readers with a complete introductory resource. This chapter discusses Brexit, and in particular the EU–UK Withdrawal Agreement, the Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK, the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, and the UK’s own domestic legislation corresponding to these, the EU Withdrawal Act 2018 and the Future Relationship Act 2020. These instruments set out the basis for the future legal and trade relationship between the UK and the EU now that the UK is no longer an EU Member State.

Chapter

Cover EU Law Directions

15. The relationship of the UK with the European Union and Brexit  

This chapter charts the long association of the UK with the EU. It considers all aspects of this relationship including pre-membership, entry to the EC (EU), the first UK EU referendum in 1975, and the relationship over five decades. It considers how EU law was granted supremacy over UK law and how the courts viewed this. The chapter looks at the period up to and beyond the 2016 UK EU referendum on exiting or remaining in the EU. The immediate consequences of the result and the negotiations which were concluded following this to enable the UK to legally exit the EU on 31 January 2020 are also considered. The role of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) is discussed and particular attention is focused on the Northern Ireland Protocol. The chapter concludes with a fairly detailed look at the 2020 EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement.

Chapter

Cover Jones & Sufrin's EU Competition Law

12. Licensing Agreements and Other Agreements Involving Intellectual Property Rights  

This chapter examines some of the different types of intellectual property rights (IPRs) before outlining the relationship between intellectual property and both EU competition law and the EU free movement rules. It focuses, however, on IP licensing agreements and their treatment under Article 101. The chapter traces the development of EU competition policy to IP licensing agreements and examine the current Technology Transfer Block Exemption and the Guidelines in detail. It also examines patent settlement agreements (including pay for delay agreements), patnet pools, trade mark licences, trade mark delimitation agreements, and copyright (other than software) licences not covered by the TTBER and Guidelines.