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Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Spartan Steel & Alloys Ltd v Martin and Co. (Contractors) Ltd [1973] 1 QB 27  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Spartan Steel & Alloys Ltd v Martin and Co. (Contractors) Ltd [1973] 1 QB 27. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Spartan Steel & Alloys Ltd v Martin and Co. (Contractors) Ltd [1973] 1 QB 27  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Spartan Steel & Alloys Ltd v Martin and Co. (Contractors) Ltd [1973] 1 QB 27. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Tort Law

12. Damages  

Dr Karen Dyer and Dr Anil Balan

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter discusses the issue of damages, covering key debates, sample questions, diagram answer plan, tips for getting extra marks, and online resources. To answer questions on this topic, students need to understand the following: the primary purpose behind an award of damages; the different types of damages; the three principal types of damage for which a remedy may be available: personal injury (death and psychiatric harm included), property damage, economic loss; and how to calculate an award (in principle).

Chapter

Cover JC Smith's The Law of Contract

27. Compensatory damages  

This chapter focusses on compensatory damages for breach of contract. The innocent party will often seek to recover damages to compensate them for their ‘expectation loss’. Essentially, such loss corresponds to the profits the claimant hoped to make from the contract. Damages based upon ‘expectation loss’ protect the innocent party’s ‘expectation interest’ in having the contract performed. Damages are generally assessed at the date of breach. However, the court can take into account events that occur after the date of breach when assessing damages. Damages are not generally recoverable for disappointment or injured feelings resulting from the breach. But, if an object of a contract is to provide pleasure, or the distress is a result of physical inconvenience caused by the breach of contract, then damages for non-economic loss may be recoverable. Sometimes “negotiating damages” can be awarded to compensate the innocent party.

Chapter

Cover Tort Law Concentrate

4. Pure economic loss and negligent misstatement  

This chapter discusses the law on pure economic loss, which is loss that is not derived from physical injury, death, or property damage. It may be consequential, that is resulting from the acquisition of a defective product or property. More commonly, the issue arises due to a negligent misstatement, or provision of professional services. This is an area of commercial and professional importance where there has been a trend towards expansion in the area of negligent misstatement. The two key cases in this area are Murphy v Brentwood District Council and Hedley Byrne v Heller.

Chapter

Cover Casebook on Tort Law

6. Special duty problems: economic loss  

This chapter deals with negligence that causes only economic loss. The basic rule is that a person may sue for economic loss which is consequent on physical loss which that person has suffered, but may not if they have only suffered economic loss by itself. There may be exceptions to this rule where there is sufficient proximity between the parties, and one element in this may be reliance by the one on the other. Though there is a general rule that no liability can arise in respect of ‘pure’ economic losses, there is also a broader exception that can arise when such loss happens as a result of a statement being made (rather than an act done), developed from the famous case of Hedley Byrne v Heller.

Chapter

Cover Business Law

12. Non-Physical Damage and Liability for Economic Loss  

This chapter continues on from the previous chapter in discussing liability in negligence for physical damage and considers the potential liability that businesses and individuals may face when they provide advice in the nature of their business, when they cause economic losses not associated with physical damage, and where the claimant suffers a psychiatric injury or nervous shock due to the acts of the tortfeasor. Recently, there has been an increase in instances of imposing liability on employers for the stress and associated health problems suffered by their employees. In the absence of physical damage, restrictions are placed on the imposition of liability for pure economic loss, although such loss has been widened to include damages for negligent misstatements. Of crucial importance is that businesses are aware of the implications of providing information in the course of their professional activities that may cause an investor or client loss through negligence.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Murphy v Brentwood DC [1991] 1 AC 398  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Murphy v Brentwood DC [1991] 1 AC 398. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Hedley Byrne & Co. Ltd v Heller & Partners Ltd [1964] AC 465  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Hedley Byrne & Co. Ltd v Heller & Partners Ltd [1964] AC 465. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Smith v Eric S Bush [1990] 1 AC 831  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Smith v Eric S Bush [1990] 1 AC 831. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

White v Jones [1995] 2 AC 207  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in White v Jones [1995] 2 AC 207. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Steel v NRAM Ltd [2018] 1 WLR 1190  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Steel v NRAM Ltd [2018] 1 WLR 1190. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Caparo Industries plc v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Caparo Industries plc v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Murphy v Brentwood DC [1991] 1 AC 398  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Murphy v Brentwood DC [1991] 1 AC 398. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Hedley Byrne & Co. Ltd v Heller & Partners Ltd [1964] AC 465  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Hedley Byrne & Co. Ltd v Heller & Partners Ltd [1964] AC 465. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Smith v Eric S Bush [1990] 1 AC 831  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Smith v Eric S Bush [1990] 1 AC 831. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

White v Jones [1995] 2 AC 207  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in White v Jones [1995] 2 AC 207. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Steel v NRAM Ltd [2018] 1 WLR 1190  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Steel v NRAM Ltd [2018] 1 WLR 1190. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Essential Cases: Tort Law

Caparo Industries plc v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605  

Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. This case document summarizes the facts and decision in Caparo Industries plc v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605. The document also included supporting commentary from author Craig Purshouse.

Chapter

Cover Concentrate Questions and Answers Tort Law

13. Mixed-topic Questions  

Dr Karen Dyer and Dr Anil Balan

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter presents mixed-topic questions on tort law. In order to answer them fully, students are required to blend their knowledge of the law of tort. They will be able to assess their knowledge on: the purpose of the law of tort; negligence—duty of care, breach, causation, economic loss; remedies; and vicarious liability. Each question is accompanied by a diagram answer plan and suggested answers. Tips for getting extra marks and online resources are also provided.