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Cover Sentencing and Punishment

9. Experiencing imprisonment  

This chapter considers the experience of imprisonment for specific groups, namely women (including mothers), ethnic minorities, disabled prisoners, religious minorities, and gay, lesbian, and transgender prisoners. There is also more focus on the experience of foreign national prisoners and the growing number of olderprisoners. Policies that aim to reduce the risk of unfair treatment to these groups and their impact are reviewed, as is the framework of legislation designed to promote equality and human rights. The approach taken to race equality has now been extended to other groups. The framework of equality law is considered, including the Equality Act 2010 and its equality duty. The importance of gender-specific penal policies is also discussed.


Cover Mental Health Law: Policy and Practice

10. Control in the Community  

This chapter examines the extent, scope, and current usage of the various powers by which some degree of compulsion can be imposed on a patient to accept services in the community. It discusses leave and recall; guardianship; community treatment orders; and after-care under s. 117 of the Mental Health Act 1983.


Cover Employment Law

13. Disability discrimination  

This chapter deals with disability discrimination law under the Equality Act. It discusses the history and background of disability discrimination law, protected characteristics, prohibited conduct on grounds of disability discrimination, and issues such as who is the comparator. The chapter also covers key debates about how the law operates and how it might be improved in the future, and deals with the economic and social models of disability. Disability can refer to a physical or mental impairment, and the definition of disability includes reference to substantial impairment and day-to-day activities. The Equality Act covers the following in relation to disability: direct discrimination (including associative and perceptive discrimination), indirect discrimination, harassment, victimisation, discrimination arising from disability, duty to make reasonable adjustments, and enquiries about disability and health.