This chapter deals with the enforcement of IP rights. Such enforcement takes place in search of redress and that redress is obtained in the form of remedies. The discussion focuses on remedies at a national level, i.e. the content of the applicable law determined by the court with competent jurisdiction, be it at a procedural or substantive level. It first looks at civil remedies. Civil proceedings brought by private parties are the norm in the enforcement of private rights, and thus take the lion's share of the enforcement and remedies effort in relation to IP rights, since the latter are very clearly private rights. The chapter then turns to criminal remedies. While criminal proceedings do not play an important role in the area of IP, some offences do exist and these types of proceedings are specifically concerned with cases of infringement that are seen as particularly serious from a public policy point of view. Examples include actions against copyright or trade mark pirates.
Justine Pila and Paul L.C. Torremans
5. Protection from Domestic Abuse
N V Lowe, G Douglas, E Hitchings, and R Taylor
This chapter begins with discussion of the definition and scale of domestic abuse; government strategy; and gender-based abuse as a breach of human rights. It then turns to the protection afforded by the criminal law, before considering a range of civil law remedies. Towards the end of the chapter, attention is given to law reform proposals in the Domestic Abuse Bill 2020.
49. Civil and Criminal Remedies
L. Bently, B. Sherman, D. Gangjee, and P. Johnson
This chapter deals with civil and criminal remedies that are available where intellectual property rights are violated. It first considers the civil relief that is available before a trial takes place, namely, interim injunctions and prevention of imports. It then outlines the civil remedies that are available at full trial: final injunction, delivery up or destruction, the awarding of damages, the account of profits, and publicity orders. Finally, the chapter examines the various criminal remedies that intellectual property right holders may avail.
4. Domestic abuse
Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter focuses on domestic abuse and its causes, along with a number of relevant civil law and criminal law remedies. It explains non-molestation orders under the Family Law Act 1996 before turning to a discussion of breach of an order as a contempt of court. It also considers occupation orders, which regulate the occupation of property, along with various categories of applicant who can seek them. Finally, the chapter examines protection available to parties who are not associated persons under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997.