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Book

Brenda Hannigan

Company Law brings clarity and analysis to the ever-changing landscape of this field. The text aims to capture the dynamism of the subject, places the material in context, highlights its relevance and topicality, and guides readers through all the major areas. The book is divided into five distinct sections covering corporate structure (including legal personality and constitutional issues), corporate governance (including directors' duties and liabilities), shareholders' rights and remedies (including powers of decision-making and shareholder engagement), corporate finance (including share and loan capital), and corporate insolvency (including insolvencies arising).

Book

Alan Dignam and John Lowry

Titles in the Core Text series take the reader straight to the heart of the subject, providing focused, concise, and reliable guides for students at all levels. Company Law provides an account of the key principles of this area of law. It aims to demystify this complex subject. Chapter introductions provide summaries of various aspects of company law and further reading provide the tools for further research and study. This volume includes coverage of new case law such as Hurstwood Properties (A) Ltd and others v Rossendale Borough Council and another (2021) on veil lifting, Sevilleja Garcia v Marex Financial Ltd (2020), and Primeo Fund v Bank of Bermuda (Cayman) Ltd (2021) on reflective loss; Chu v Lau (2020) on just and equitable winding up in ‘deadlock’ cases; Primekings Holding Ltd v King (2021) on unfair prejudice; Ming Siu Hung v J F Ming Inc (2021) on buy-out orders; Byers v Chen Ninging (2021) on breach of directors’ duties; CPS v Aquila Advisory Ltd (2021) on attribution; together with recent legislation including the Corporate Insolvency and Governance Act 2020; the Economic Crime (Transparency and Enforcement) Act 2022; the Rating (Coronavirus) and Directors Disqualification (Dissolved Companies) Act 2021; and the Commercial Rent (Coronavirus) Act 2022. On corporate governance, the latest developments surrounding the UK Corporate Governance Code and Stewardship Developments 2020 together with the Wates Corporate Governance Principles for Large Private Companies, the FTSE Women Leaders Report 2022 on gender diversity on boards, and the Parker Review 2022 on ethnic diversity on boards are discussed as well as climate change litigation using s 172 of the Companies Act 2006.

Chapter

This chapter surveys corporate governance. It identifies the key problem of the separation of ownership and control in companies that are not owner-managed. Shareholders are seen as the owners of the company but directors manage the company and can do so for their own benefit rather than the shareholders’. There is a list of the numerous legal controls on directors, which are studied in other chapters. There is discussion of two ways of looking at directors, either as stewards who must account for their actions to the owners or as entrepreneurs whose wealth-creating work deserves reward. The UK Corporate Governance Code, which applies to premium listed companies, is discussed, as are shareholder activism and investor stewardship.

Chapter

This chapter surveys corporate governance. It identifies the key problem of the separation of ownership and control in companies that are not owner-managed. Shareholders are seen as the owners of the company but directors manage the company and can do so for their own benefit rather than the shareholders’. There is a list of the numerous legal controls on directors, which are studied in other chapters. There is discussion of two ways of looking at directors, either as stewards who must account for their actions to the owners or as entrepreneurs whose wealth-creating work deserves reward. The UK Corporate Governance Code, which applies to premium listed companies, is discussed, as are shareholder activism and investor stewardship.

Chapter

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter discusses the UK corporate governance system and some of the key corporate governance topics. It begins by looking at what corporate governance is and how the UK’s corporate governance system has evolved. The chapter then discusses the effectiveness of the ‘comply or explain’ approach. It also discusses a number of key corporate governance mechanisms, namely institutional investors, non-executive directors, and directors’ remuneration.

Book

Brenda Hannigan

Company Law brings clarity and analysis to the ever-changing landscape of this field. The text aims to capture the dynamism of the subject, places the material in context, highlights its relevance and topicality, and guides readers through all the major issues. From incorporation through to liquidation and dissolution, the work explores the workings of the corporate entity. The book is divided into five distinct sections covering corporate structure (including legal personality and constitutional issues), corporate governance (including directors’ duties and liabilities), shareholders’ rights and remedies (including powers of decision-making and shareholder petitions), corporate finance (including share and loan capital), and corporate insolvency.

Chapter

Titles in the Core Text series take the reader straight to the heart of the subject, providing focused, concise, and reliable guides for students at all levels. This chapter looks at history and theory associated with corporate governance. It first considers Berle and Means’ concern about the separation of ownership from control, particularly managers’ lack of accountability not only to investors but also to society in general. It then traces the emergence of the Berle and Means corporation and examines major influences on corporate theory, citing concession theory, fiction theory, corporate realism, and aggregate theory. It also discusses economic theories that have influenced scholarship on corporate law.

Chapter

Titles in the Core Text series take the reader straight to the heart of the subject, providing focused, concise, and reliable guides for students at all levels. This chapter looks at history and theory associated with corporate governance. It first considers Berle and Means’ concern about the separation of ownership from control, particularly managers’ lack of accountability not only to investors but also to society in general. It then traces the emergence of the Berle and Means corporation and examines major influences on corporate theory, citing concession theory, fiction theory, corporate realism, and aggregate theory. It also discusses economic theories that have influenced scholarship on corporate law.

Chapter

This chapter discusses the various sources of company law and corporate governance. The main sources of company law are legislation, case law, the constitution of the company, contract, European Union law, and human rights law. Legislation is the principal form of UK company law, with the Companies Act 2006 being the most important piece of company law legislation. However, companies are, to a degree, permitted to create their own internal rules through their constitution. Companies can also create their own law by drafting their own standard terms for use in contracts. Meanwhile, corporate governance best practice principles are found in a series of reports and codes, with the three principal codes being the UK Corporate Governance Code, the Wates Corporate Governance Principles, and the UK Stewardship Code 2020. Both of the codes operate on a comply-or-explain basis, under which certain persons must comply with the code or explain their reasons for non-compliance.

Chapter

This chapter discusses corporate governance in publicly traded companies with widely dispersed shareholdings. Most shareholders are not involved in the management and control of a company's affairs. Thus, a separation usually develops between those who collectively own the company through their combined shareholdings (the shareholders) and those who manage it (the directors). Problems can arise from this separation of ownership and control as distance from the day-to-day running of the business makes it difficult for shareholders to restrain any managerial excesses. The starting point of good corporate governance is internal mechanisms (such as shareholders' rights and board structures). The discussions cover the UK corporate governance code, corporate governance requirement, board committees, and shareholder engagement.

Chapter

This chapter discusses the details of the various obligations on companies that wish to issue and allot shares, provide debentures and charges over the company’s assets, and provide guidance on the maintenance of the company’s finances. It continues from the discussion of the administration of the company to consider the broad issue of corporate governance and identifies how a company may raise capital, while also considering the obligations placed on the directors to protect and maintain the capital of the company for its members. To appreciate the effects of the Companies Act (CA) 2006 on companies, it is important to understand the rules regarding the issuing of shares and granting of debentures to protect the company and the creditors from abuse, and how dividends are to be agreed upon and provided to shareholders.

Chapter

17. Company Law II  

Company Officers and Liabilities

This chapter discusses the rules relating to the officers of a company. It considers the meaning of ‘director’ and the position of the Board of Directors. It examines the appointment, retirement, and removal of directors and considers the powers of directors and their authority to act on behalf of the company. The chapter examines the general duties of directors, including the codified duties under the Companies Act 2006, and considers the effect of a breach of those duties. The appointment and the role of a company secretary and company auditors are examined. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the meaning of corporate governance.

Book

Alan Dignam and John Lowry

Titles in the Core Text series take the reader straight to the heart of the subject, providing focused, concise, and reliable guides for students at all levels. Company Law provides an account of the key principles of this area of law. It aims to demystify this complex subject. Chapter introductions provide summaries of various aspects of company law and further reading provide the tools for further research and study. This volume includes coverage of new case law such as Rossendale BC v Hurstwood Properties (A) Ltd [2019] EWCA Civ 364; BTI 2014 LLC v Sequana SA [2019] EWCA Civ 112; Global Corporate Ltd v Hale [2018] EWCA Civ 2618; Parr v Keystone Healthcare Ltd [2019] EWCA Civ 1246; Sevilleja Garcia v Marex Financial Ltd [2018] EWCA Civ 1468; and Re Sprintroom Ltd; Prescott v Potamianos [2019] EWCA Civ 932. On corporate governance the latest developments surrounding the UK Corporate Governance Code and Stewardship Developments 2020 together with Wates Corporate Governance Principles for Large Private Companies are discussed.

Book

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. Company Law Concentrate helps readers to consolidate knowledge in this area of law. This sixth edition has been fully updated and includes coverage of the 2018 UK Corporate Governance Code, the Wates Corporate Governance Principles, the UK Stewardship Code 2020, the Companies (Miscellaneous Reporting) Regulations 2018, and the reforms proposed following the consultation on insolvency and corporate governance. Case law updates include BAT Industries plc v Sequana SA [2019], Burnden Holdings (UK) Ltd v Fielding [2019], Popely v Popely [2019], and Vedanta Resources plc v Lungowe [2019]. Chapters examine business structures, incorporation, the constitution of the company, directors, members, corporate governance, capital and capital maintenance issues, members’ remedies, and corporate rescue and liquidation.

Chapter

This chapter explores the role of directors in corporate governance. Rules on appointment and removal of a company’s directors are considered, followed by public disclosure of the names of directors and their work as a board, their remuneration and their powers of management. The chapter also considers the legal categorisation of directors, whether as fiduciaries, agents or trustees; the relationship between directors and shareholders of public companies; transparency; and general legal principles regarding the board of directors. Relevant legislation such as the Companies Act 2006 and the UK Corporate Governance Code, as well as particularly significant court cases, are mentioned.

Chapter

This chapter explores the role of directors in corporate governance. Rules on appointment and removal of a company’s directors are considered, followed by public disclosure of the names of directors and their work as a board, their remuneration and their powers of management. The chapter also considers the legal categorisation of directors, whether as fiduciaries, agents or trustees; the relationship between directors and shareholders of public companies; transparency; and general legal principles regarding the board of directors. Relevant legislation such as the Companies Act 2006 and the UK Corporate Governance Code, as well as particularly significant court cases, are mentioned.

Chapter

Lee Roach

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the aims of company law and governance. Company law should hold companies and directors to account; be flexible enough to respond to novel and evolving practices; provide certainty; promote transparency; help to avoid misalignment of interests; promote corporate efficiency; and help avoid corporate disaster. The chapter then looks at other key important business structures. Other than companies, the principal business structures are the sole proprietorship, the partnership, and the limited liability partnership. A sole proprietorship is a sole individual carrying on some form of business activity. Meanwhile, two or more persons who wish to engage in business together can form an ordinary partnership. Lastly, limited liability partnerships were created to provide suitable business structures for large, professional firms. In many respects, limited liability partnerships resemble companies.

Chapter

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the aims of company law and governance. Company law should hold companies and directors to account, be flexible enough to respond to novel and evolving practices, provide certainty, promote transparency, help to avoid misalignment of interests, promote corporate efficiency, and help avoid corporate disaster. The chapter then looks at other key important business structures. Other than companies, the principal business structures are the sole proprietorship, the partnership, and the limited liability partnership. A sole proprietorship is a sole individual carrying on some form of business activity on their own account. Meanwhile, two or more persons who wish to engage in business together can form an ordinary partnership. Finally, limited liability partnerships were created to provide suitable business structures for large, professional firms. In many respects, limited liability partnerships resemble companies.

Book

Lee Roach

Company Law guides the reader through the intricacies of the subject with expert analysis of the application of principles to real-life cases. The chapters provide comprehensive coverage of all core aspects of company law. The relationship between company law and corporate governance is explored, ensuring that readers have a full picture of how and why companies are create d and regulated. Topics include: the formation and nature of the company; the board of directors; membership of the company; and corporate rescue, restructuring, and insolvency; and new subjects such as the effects of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union and the impact upon company law of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Book

Dr Lee Roach

Company Law provides an introduction to this topic. The text guides the reader through the intricacies of the subject with expert analysis of the application of principles to real-life cases. The chapters provide comprehensive coverage of all core aspects of company law. The relationship between company law and corporate governance is explored, ensuring that readers have a full picture of how and why companies are created and regulated. Topics include: the formation and nature of the company; the board of directors; membership of the company; and corporate rescue, restructuring, and insolvency.