This chapter reviews the impact of imprisonment on specific groups of prisoners. It discusses the experience of imprisonment for specific groups, including women and ethnic minorities. Issues discussed include the problems facing female prisoners in maintaining family contact and the health needs of women in prison. The treatment of BAME prisoners is also considered, with reference to a range of issues, including racial harassment and discrimination. The problems facing foreign national prisoners are also discussed. Other groups considered include religious minorities, TACT prisoners, LGBTQ + prisoners, prisoners with disabilities, and older prisoners. Policies which aim to reduce the risk of unfair treatment are also examined.