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Chapter

Cover Steiner and Woods EU Law

17. Free Movement of Goods  

This chapter examines the Treaty provisions designed to ensure free movement of goods within the European Union. It discusses prohibitions on quantitative restrictions, and on measures having equivalent effect to quantitative restrictions (MEQR) in Article 34 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), in particular considering the key cases of Dassonville, Cassis de Dijon and Keck. It also outlines the prohibition on quantitative restrictions on exports and all measures having equivalent effect. It analyses the development of the jurisprudence relating to MEQR, and explains the provisions of Articles 35 (exports) and 37 TFEU (state monopolies). The chapter also addresses the underlying questions concerning the relationship between free movement and national regulatory competence. Finally, the chapter examines the provisions of Article 36 TFEU containing the derogation from the free movement of goods and considers proportionality and disguised restriction on trade. It also discusses the CJ’s jurisprudence on the rule of reason.

Chapter

Cover Steiner & Woods EU Law

17. Free movement of goods  

This chapter examines the Treaty provisions designed to ensure free movement of goods within the European Union. It discusses prohibitions on quantitative restrictions, and on measures having equivalent effect to quantitative restrictions (MEQR) in Article 34 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), in particular considering the key cases of Dassonville, Cassis de Dijon and Keck. It also outlines the prohibition on quantitative restrictions on exports and all measures having equivalent effect. It analyses the development of the jurisprudence relating to MEQR, and explains the provisions of Articles 35 (exports) and 37 TFEU (state monopolies). The chapter also addresses the underlying questions concerning the relationship between free movement and national regulatory competence. Finally, the chapter examines the provisions of Article 36 TFEU containing the derogation from the free movement of goods and considers proportionality and disguised restriction on trade. It also discusses the CJ’s jurisprudence on the rule of reason.

Chapter

Cover Competition Law

6. The obligations of Member States under the EU competition rules  

This chapter examines the obligations of Member States in relation to EU competition law. Specifically, it considers the obligations that Article 4(3) TEU and Articles 37 and 106 TFEU place upon Member States. Article 4(3) requires all Member States to take all appropriate measures to ensure fulfilment of the obligations arising out of the Treaties, and to avoid any measure which could jeopardise the attainment of the EU’s objectives. Article 106 particularly obligates Member States to refrain from enacting or maintaining measures contrary to the rules provided in Article 18 and Articles 101 to 109 of the TFEU. Article 37 is concerned with the procurement of goods.

Chapter

Cover Competition Law

6. The obligations of Member States under the EU competition rules  

This chapter examines the obligations of Member States in relation to EU competition law. Specifically, it considers the obligations that Article 4(3) TEU and Articles 37 and 106 TFEU place upon Member States. Article 4(3) requires all Member States to take all appropriate measures to ensure fulfilment of the obligations arising out of the Treaties, and to avoid any measure which could jeopardise the attainment of the EUs objectives. Article 106 particularly obligates Member States to refrain from enacting or maintaining measures, contrary to the rules provided in Article 18 and Articles 101 to 109 of the TFEU. Article 37 is concerned with state monopolies of a commercial character.