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Chapter

Cover International Human Rights Law

21. The Americas  

Thomas M Antkowiak

This chapter considers human rights protection across the Americas, and focuses in particular on the Organization of American States (OAS). The chapter begins with a historical overview of the OAS. The OAS has drafted and promulgated several human rights documents and treaties, including the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man and the American Convention on Human Rights, as well as others. Having introduced the main instruments for the protection of human rights, the chapter then considers the two main OAS institutions that are mandated to promote and protect human rights: the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Finally, challenges to the Inter-American system are discussed.

Chapter

Cover International Human Rights Law

20. Regional Protection  

Başak Çalı

This chapter discusses regional systems of human rights protection by surveying the human rights standards adopted and institutions created to interpret and enforce human rights in different regions. The central focus of the chapter is the convergences and divergences between regional human rights systems in standard settings and institutional mechanisms, in particular, when compared to standards and institutions in place at the level of the United Nations. The chapter concludes with a discussion of future prospects for interactions between regional human rights systems, in particular, in the light of developments undertaken by the League of Arab States and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.