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A Practical Approach to Effective Litigation

A Practical Approach to Effective Litigation (8th edn)

Susan Blake
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date: 05 December 2023

4. ADR, Settlement, and Part 36 Offerslocked

4. ADR, Settlement, and Part 36 Offerslocked

  • Susan BlakeSusan BlakeDirector of Studies and Associate Dean, Inns of Court School of Law


In recent years alternative dispute resolution (ADR) has evolved from being a fallback in relation to litigation into an important alternative that may be the preferred option in some cases. This chapter outlines the interface between litigation and ADR, and puts litigation into the context of settlement options. ADR is only a complete alternative to litigation where a full adjudicative option such as arbitration or expert determination is used. In most disputes it is more likely that a case will move between litigation and ADR processes, or be subject to both at the same time where an offer has been made and remains open, but the litigation process continues. The chapter discusses the main types of ADR and their fit with litigation; framing an attempt to settle; drawing up terms of settlement; and making Part 36 offers, especially when costs are a major concern in litigation.

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