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Administrative Law

Administrative Law (11th edn)

William Wade and Christopher Forsyth
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date: 14 July 2024

13. The Rule against Biaslocked

13. The Rule against Biaslocked

  • Sir William WadeSir William Wadeformerly Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of English Law, University of Cambridge
  •  and Christopher ForsythChristopher ForsythFellow in Law, Balliol College, University of Oxford


This chapter begins with a discussion of judicial and administrative impartiality, including cases when a judge is disqualified because he may be or fairly suspected to be biased, a history of the test bias, and application of the ‘fair-minded and well-informed observer’ test. It then describes the causes and effects of prejudice.

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