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The Foundations of European Union Law

The Foundations of European Union Law (8th edn)

Trevor Hartley
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date: 10 December 2022

2. The European Courtlocked

2. The European Courtlocked

  • T C HartleyT C HartleyProfessor of Law Emeritus at the London School of Economics and Political Science


This chapter discusses the institutional structure of the judicial bodies that fall under the umbrella of the ‘Court of Justice of the European Union’ These are: the Court of Justice (generally known as the ‘European Court’); the General Court (formerly known as the ‘Court of First Instance’);and specialized courts (at the moment, only the Civil Service Tribunal). The main functions of these courts are: to ensure that the law is enforced (especially against Member States); to act as referee between the Member States and the Union as well as between the Union institutions inter se; and to ensure the uniform interpretation and application of Union law throughout the Union.

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