- J. E. PennerJ. E. PennerProfessor of Law, University College London
- and E. MelissarisE. MelissarisSenior Lecturer in Law, London School of Economics
This chapter explores Hart’s construction of a better theory, in particular in contrast to the theory set out by Austin. The discussions cover the importance of rules; obligation and the internal aspect of rules; the union of primary and secondary rules; the rule of recognition; legal systems and the importance of officials; public international law in Hart’s theory; and the significance of Hart’s theory.