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Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice (4th edn)

Andrew Sanders, Richard Young, and Mandy Burton
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date: 29 March 2023

7. Prosecutionslocked

7. Prosecutionslocked

  • Andrew Sanders, Andrew SandersProfessor of Criminal Law and Criminology, University of Birmingham
  • Richard YoungRichard YoungProfessor of Law and Policy Research, University of Bristol
  •  and Mandy BurtonMandy BurtonProfessor of Socio-Legal Studies, University of Leicester


This chapter examines whether the combination of laws, policies, and procedures of different prosecuting and enforcement agencies is fair, effective, and freedom-enhancing. It discusses the respective roles of the police and Crown Prosecution Service in prosecution decision-making; how cases are constructed for prosecution; the criteria for prosecution decision-making; diversion from prosecution; review of prosecution decisions and accountability; and different treatment of ‘regulatory’ offences and ‘real’ crime.

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