p. 47816. Loan Sales and Securitization
- Ross Cranston, Ross CranstonProfessor of Law at the London School of Economics
- Emilios Avgouleas, Emilios AvgouleasProfessor of International Banking Law and Finance at the University of Edinburgh; European Banking Authority Stakeholder Group
- Kristin van Zweiten, Kristin van ZweitenClifford Chance Associate Professor of Law and Finance at Oxford University and a Fellow of Harris Manchester College
- Theodor van SanteTheodor van SanteBarrister at 3 Verulam Building, Gray's Inn, London
- and Christoper HareChristoper HareTravers Smith Associate Professor of Corporate and Commercial Law at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Somerville College
This chapter examines one context in which contracts and debts are transferred — as banks and bank subsidiaries ‘sell’ their own assets, i.e. their loans, mortgages, credit card receivables, and so on. Commercially speaking, this divides into loan sales and securitization. Among the various motivations for these transactions are to reduce risk, to meet capital requirements, to allow for new lending, and to take advantage of financial and commercial opportunities. Securitization was abused, with many risky loans repackaged and sold as highly rated securities. Its contribution to the global financial crisis in 2008 made it unpopular. However, it remains significant as a financing technique. Before examining loan sales and securitization, the chapter lays out the different legal techniques for transferring debts and contractual rights.