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Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual Property Law (6th edn)

Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, and Phillip Johnson
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date: 30 March 2023

p. 89333. Misrepresentationlocked

p. 89333. Misrepresentationlocked

  • L. Bently,
  • B. Sherman,
  • D. Gangjee
  •  and P. Johnson


This chapter considers one element of the action of passing off with respect to trade marks: the requirement that there be a misrepresentation. It first describes the type of conduct that amounts to misrepresentation and the consequences that flow from that conduct, as well as the types of suggestion that are actionable. It then discusses the requirement that a statement must be likely to cause confusion in order to qualify as a misrepresentation. In addition, the chapter explains how passing off action can be brought not only against a person who carries out the misrepresentation, but also against anyone who provides the means for the misrepresentation to occur (such as by providing instruments of deception).

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