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Contract Law

Contract Law (3rd edn)

TT Arvind
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date: 21 July 2024

p. 37313. Controlling contract terms

Exclusion clauses, penalties, and consumer protectionlocked

p. 37313. Controlling contract terms

Exclusion clauses, penalties, and consumer protectionlocked

  • TT ArvindTT ArvindProfessor of Law and Head of Department, York Law School, University of York

Abstract

This chapter examines how the law regulates contract terms, with particular emphasis on rules that are intended to protect weaker parties. It begins with a discussion of the limits of freedom of contract and proceeds by assessing the role played by formal requirements, such as the requirement that contracts be in writing. It then considers how the law regulates contract terms which seek to alter the liability that one party will have in the event of breach. More specifically, it looks at exclusion clauses in the common law and the statutory regulation of such clauses, along with liquidated damages, contractual remedies, and the rule against penalties. It also explores the extent to which consumer protection law restricts the terms that can be included in consumer contracts, especially when dealing with the problem of unfair terms.

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