- Kirsty Horsey
- and Erika Rackley
This chapter begins by tracing the development of the duty of care starting with the case of Donoghue v Stevenson . It goes on to consider the various general tests developed and used by the courts in order to establish when a duty of care is owed. Finally, the chapter discusses the ‘incremental and by analogy’ and so-called Caparo three-stage ‘test’ established by the House of Lords in Caparo Industries v Dickman  and recently reconsidered by the UK Supreme Court in Robinson v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police .