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Evidence (6th edn)

Andrew L-T Choo
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date: 21 April 2024

p. 1426. Identification Evidencelocked

p. 1426. Identification Evidencelocked

  • Andrew L-T ChooAndrew L-T ChooProfessor of Law, City, University of London, Barrister, Matrix Chambers, London


Chapter 6 first considers the three categories of factors which may contribute to the mistaken identification of the defendant as the perpetrator of the offence: witness factors, event factors, and post-event factors. It then turns to R v Turnbull in 1976, where the Court of Appeal laid down the famous ‘Turnbull guidelines’ on judicial warnings to the jury about visual identification evidence. This is followed by discussions of discretionary exclusion of identification evidence and the use of photographs and video recordings.

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